Check out this awesome Sample Kant On Moral Worth (Topic # 5) Essays for writing techniques and actionable ideas. Explain these points in your own words. 2.8 / 2.8 pts Question 13 According to Kant, the shopkeeper who charges an equal price of all her customers because she likes them is acting "out of duty." For Kant, goodness depends on ____ , not ____. There can be good actions done with wrong motives, making them not have moral worth. No headers. Kant’s account of the content of moral requirements and the nature of moral reasoning is based on his analysis of the unique force moral considerations have as reasons to act. b. cannot be discovered in actual behavior. Kant on Moral Worth March 29, 2007 Posted by Ninja Clement in Philosophy. Kant's point is that the moral worth of an act is whether it is done “from duty” since acting from duty is where the freedom and moral worth arise. a. must be based on our actual behavior if it is to be realistic . Open in app. It is not the ability to display reasoning skills. Agents act for the sake of duty if they act out of respect for the moral law, which they do by following the Categorical Imperative in one of its formulations. Actions themselves are not good or bad. Rationality is the ability to be governed autonomously and make advised decisions of what is right and wrong. to have moral worth, there must be an act of right motivation, along with doing the right thing; if the act has moral worth it must be done in a sense of obligation to do the right thing. For Kant, just doing the right thing is not sufficient for making an action have full moral worth. True False Correct! According to Kant one must, “For its maxim lacks the moral merit of such actions done not out inclination but out of duty (Kant 320). Thus the moral worth of an action does not lie in the effect expected from it and so too does not lie in any principle of action that needs to borrow its motive from this expected effect. The supreme good, according to Kant, is virtue. According to Kant, the moral worth of an action consists not in the consequences that flow from it, but in the intention from which the act is done. In applying Kant’s concept of morality in the modern world one could look at the way sanctions are issues by the justice system. Excerpt from Term Paper : Moral Worth Present, explain, and assess the thesis that only acts done from duty have moral worth In his Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant addresses the issue of how people can determine the moral value of actions. Instead, it's a law that we, as rational beings, must impose on ourselves. He claims that this can have 3 formulations : the ‘Universal Law’ formulation, the ‘Kingdom of Ends’, and the ‘Formula of Humanity’ (FH) (Guyer, 1995). 11 Kant gives the following characterization of the good will. b. produce pleasure. Basic moral requirements retain their reason-giving force … It follows that, according to purism, an action must be done out of duty if it is to be morally worthy and that any sign of self-interest disqualifies the action as morally worthy. The morality of an action should be assessed by what the motivation of the action is. Question: Question 28 (1 Point) Which Of The Following Is Not One Of The Formulations Of Kant's Foundational Moral Principle That We Discussed? The moral worth of an action consists not in the consequences that flow from it, but in the intention from which the act is done. Kant believed that “the moral law”—the categorical imperative and everything it implies—was something that could only be discovered through reason. Kant says that only something “whose existence in itself had an absolute worth” could be the ground of a categorically binding law. d. produce a good will. 4 / 4 pts Question 8 According to Kant, one can do what is right and that action still may not have "moral worth." Kant believes only actions performed from duty have moral worth. To act morally, one’s action must be done for respect of duty and moral law themselves. Again, the moral worth of an act is based on what we choose, not on our current feelings or circumstances. According to Kant, the shopkeeper who charges an equal price of all her customers because she likes them is acting "out of duty." It might appear to someone that he has acted entirely "from duty", but this could always be an illusion of self-interest: of wanting to see oneself in the best, most noble light. a. our will/our behavior. He then boldly proclaims that Humanity is this absolutely valuable thing referring to this as a “postulate” that he will argue for in the final chapter of the Groundwork. Kant holds that a moral act is one performed for the sake of duty alone, out of “respect for the moral law.” This is a matter of motivation, not intention. a. If, for example, Mary is unjustly criticized by Sue, and Mary answers with equanimity by habit, she is acting in accordance with duty. He believes that a good will is essential for morality. About. According to Kant, the moral law ____. A virtuous man ought to pursue virtue for its own sake; he ought not to pursue virtue for the sake of happiness. For Immanuel Kant, the moral value of an action has nothing to do with what a person does. Correct! Motive of duty means doing the right thing for the right reason. What characteristics should a moral system have according to Kant? The motive that confers moral worth on an action is the motive of duty. “I ought never to act except in such a way that… Read More. True False Correct! According to Kant, rationality is not the same as intelligence and is what makes human beings worthy of moral consideration and animals unworthy. According to Kant, one can do what is right and that action still may not have "moral worth… c. changes slowly over time, and so we must not continue to follow outdated moral codes from the past. Thus, according to Kant, you have respected the humanity. Agents act for the sake of duty if they act out of respect for the moral law, which they do by following the Categorical Imperative in one of its formulations. This is why some of our deepest feelings are reflected in our reverence for the moral law, and why, when we act … The force of moral requirements as reasons is that we cannot ignore them no matter how circumstances might conspire against any other consideration. False. True. But where the utilitarian takes happiness, conceived of as pleasure and the absence of pain to be what has intrinsic value, Kant takes the only thing to have moral worth for its own sake to be the capacity for good will we find in persons. The idea of freedom and autonomy is central to the concept of morality because we act out free will. Get started. Moral progress and moral limitations are self-induced according to Kant. Consequences are not relevant (contra Utilitarianism) b. ... we have seen that Kant thinks that acts have moral worth only if they are carried out for the sake of duty. If an action can be right and not have moral worth, an action can be virtuous and not have moral worth. Supported by laws. It was not something imposed on us from without. d. takes second place to laws of nature ____ 16. Kant’s Metaphysics of Morals has two distinct parts: the “Doctrine of Right” and the “Doctrine of Virtue.” Right concerns acts themselves independent of the motive an agent may have for performing them, virtue concerns the proper motive for dutiful actions. Follow. Question: In what does the moral worth of an action consist, on Kant’s account? The controversy over duty and moral worth in Kantian ethics arose in part because of the complaint that some actions not done from duty seem morally praiseworthy, and Kant seems to deny this. Kant says elsewhere that it is “good and proper to have good inclinations” and that we have a moral duty to cultivate virtuous emotions. But the complete good, according to Kant, includes happiness, in addition to virtue. Right actions are determined based on the moral principle of Universality. Virtue is the good will following the Moral Law or categorical imperative out of pure respect for it. Question 12 According to Kant, one can do what is right and that action still may not have "moral worth." According to Kant, because persons are ends they ought not to be used as means to ends. Kantian ethics are deontological, revolving entirely around duty rather than emotions or end goals.All actions are performed in accordance with some underlying maxim or principle, which are vastly different from each other; it is according to this that the moral worth of any action is judged. c. produce knowledge. Kant gives the following characterization of the good will. According to Kant, the moral worth of an action depends on: a. the moral character of the agent who performs it. Below is a summary of some key points of Kant's theory. d. all of the above. Kant claims that the natural purpose of reason is to: a. produce happiness. Kant himself believed that it is impossible to know whether anyone's action has ever had moral worth. Moral "oughts" are all of the following EXCEPT. Kant's theory of moral worth involves identifying the individual as the author of moral law. Kant, in Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, presents an argument for the existence of a Moral Law, referred to as a Categorical Imperative (CI). trackback. “For Kant, acting freely that is autonomously and acting morally according to the moral law, are one and the same thing. It is something that is ... we have seen that Kant thinks that acts have moral worth only if they are carried out for the sake of duty. It’s also necessary to act with good will, by which Kant means something like the inclination to do good or what is also known as a good character. Only actions done out of the motive of duty have moral worth. This indicates that agents are not always the best judges of their own maxims or motives. Like Utilitarianism, Imannual Kant’s moral theory is grounded in a theory of intrinsic value. It is not clear that he does deny this, however. 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