The choice of animals that the lion hunts for food is largely dependent on what sort of food is available in their particular area of habitation. Well, I could just tell you, but a direct answer to that would be sort of ambiguous and anti-climactic, because we want to know how and why it is or isn’t so, don’t we? The Social Structure of Cat Life. Next ... are pretty much the same as those suffered by the small maned cats. They are not only beautiful creatures, but very clever. Indeed, many lions injure themselves when they try to control bigger animals. You know, like the peacock, and all the other various animals who show off in some flashy way in order to be chosen by the female. Not only do lions have little effect on the populations of their prey, they also contribute little in terms of controlling their numbers. Lions are known to be opportunist feeders and will also eat rodents, small birds, hares and reptiles. However, if a lion is hungry enough and cannot find its preferred food it’ll resort to eating whatever it can find, including fish. Occasionally, lions will hunt young elephants, rhinoceros or hippopotamus. They are 6 times more sensitive to light than humans. Thank you very much. Thank you Tammy, nice to hear off you again, really appreciate your kind words. This made me not get in trouble so im lucky i found this website!! Turns out that lion kings are not built for hunting. And where it’s colder, that isn’t as much of an issue. We took in a stray cat at work and she was the best cat you could ever hope for. However the success rate of each species can vary with pack animals more likely to successfully kill their prey. Now let’s talk about hunting. They sleep, drowse, take catnaps, and lounge in the sun for a total of twenty hours out of the day! ... Other conservationists have focused on creating protected areas for lions. In fact, ... We took in a stray cat at work and she was the best cat you could ever hope for. They also target other large animals such as buffaloes and giraffes, though they do so with great difficulty and with enormous risk to their own lives. With that, we can start to suspect that the original question may prove to be true. Do tigers and lions have the same fighting technique, since they are built similarly? George Schaller (who researched lion in the Serengeti and surrounding areas) recounts watching a group of Thomson's gazelles crossing a patch of thick bush in order to drink. That’s their job. James Kenny (author) from Birmingham, England on June 04, 2012: Wonderful hub, thanks for sharing, voted up :). They are in fact, built for fighting. Lions hunt antelope and other hoofed animals, baby elephants or rhinos, rodents, reptiles, insects, and even crocodiles. First off, let’s go over the obvious things that most of us know about lions and lionesses. Lionesses do the hunting Lionesses, not male lions, do the majority of hunting for their prides. Now, back to hunting. Have a wonderful day! It’s interesting, if you have a minute. Ann- I admire you taking in strays. We know she is super fast. I love lions!!!! This does not include the scavenging of corpses, a single attack born of opportunity or desperate hunger, or the incidental eating of a human that the animal has killed in self-defense. Birds such as hawks and owls also hunt with their claws, called talons. As well as blowing their cover, they pay little heed to the wind’s direction, which frequently allows their scent to be carried ahead, thus alerting their prey to possible danger. A pride consists of up to three males, a dozen related females, and their young. The only times big old dark lions are even semi-successful hunters is when they hunt in forests or heavy bush. This kind of heavy cover helps them to get closer before being discovered, despite their relatively clumsy stalking skills and slower speed. In these cases, we’re talking about adult Cape Buffalo, giraffes, possibly hippos, and even elephants, in certain areas of Africa. Martin Kloess from San Francisco on June 03, 2012: Very interesting information and video. This gives them a distinct advantage over some prey species when hunting at night. ), but when someone actually recorded wind direction in 100s of hunts that they observed, the lions hunted upwind (good idea) as often as they hunted down wind (...not such a good idea). Lions are the only big cats to live in family units called prides. Prides have also been observed gorging themselves for several hours, and then moving and doing very little for the next three or four days. Just wondering if it was ever confirmed. Unlike other cats, lions are very social animals. More questions: Quora: the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world. The lions' kingdom isn't what it once was. A lioness may mate with more than one male when she is in heat. So there are many populations of lions with naturally small manes. Lions, on the other hand, have the well-known reputation of just lion around in the shade (hehe!… sorry). How dark the mane is. A lion’s roar is the loudest of any big cat and can be heard up to 8 km away. Much faster than lions; averaging about 30% faster. I enjoyed this one! I remember hearing a while ago that the reason it was long believed that only the lionesses hunted was because the males hunt almost exclusively by night, and that it was only a few years back that anyone realized it. In our days with so many videos, and pictures of male lions hunting on internet it is almost inexcusable to pretend that males don’t hunt. Dr Funom Makama from Europe on June 15, 2012: James Kenny (author) from Birmingham, England on June 06, 2012: Thanks Sunshine, appreciate the visit. Lions, being denizens of open country simply don’t have the luxury of being able to hide or shelter the food. Indeed, a group of tigers hunting together would just increase the likelihood of spooking their prey and, unlike some cats, tigers don’t have the stamina for a prolonged chase, so they normally abandon an attack if they are spotted too early. The Lions and Lionesses are Social Wild Animals and they are characterized by the formation of “Prides” or a Family of Lions, Lionesses and Cubs who are closely related to one another as an extended Family of Cousins and near blood relatives. Do mountain lions hunt other animals? They aren’t built for hunting. How do predators find food with their noses. From big to small, they hardly vary. However, they are not the only predators that will attack humans if given the chance; a wide variety of species have also been known to adopt humans as usual prey, including bears, Komodo dragons and hyenas. Medium-sized prey, which is the majority of the diet. However, while the wildcat ancestors of domestic cats are solitary animals, the social behaviour of domestic cats is more variable depending primarily on the density of cats and the availability of food sources. Lions and other large cats can be surprisingly gentle when playing with young, feeble prey, he noted, but only in order to keep the creature alive and prolong the game of cat-and-mouse. The unusual and useful mane: Lions are the only big cat that have such a distinct difference between the male and female, other than size - the mane. Thanks for that James. One big cat that purrs but can’t roar is the cheetah. By our standards of course, these mighty creatures are anything but slow, their top seed is around 30mph, but they can only sustain it for around a minute. Thanks for popping by. Lion, large, powerfully built cat that is second in size only to the tiger. Lionesses hunt around 90 percent of the time, while the males protect their pride. Yes, they do. When they entered the thick bush, it was bristling with lions that instantly grabbed and ate one of the gazelles. This is when the male Lion also joins the hunt … A pride is usually made up of lionesses, their cubs, and a few male lions. They live together … The mane protects the lion's necks from other lion's claws during territory fights with other … I vote up, 'interesting' and 'useful'. This is a big deal among scientists, from way back… all the way to Charles Darwin. I really enjoyed putting this one together, so I'm glad I've gotten such a great response. In fact, the number of herbivores taken by lions in Africa only represents the amount that would be lost in the region’s next drought. They were an integral part of the planet’s ecosystems occupying more territory than any other mammal in history, second only to tha… In the hottest and most humid environments, manes are smaller. And, one of the most important things, with a big dark mane, he actually doesn’t blend in with his surroundings. Lions are the only truly social cats. Lionesses make up most hunting groups and often trap prey with their strong jaws. This same stealth method is used even when a lioness is hunting alone, which may on occasion, happen. Only by working as a team were these lionesses able to tackle an animal as large and dangerous as a cape buffalo. Asked by Wiki User. Lions occasionally detect their prey through hearing. More than anything, lions rely on their sight to help them with hunting. Be the first to answer! They eat their fill and leave the rest to be eaten by vultures. Sent me on a 3 hour trip through YouTube watching other lion vids lol. Anatomical characteristics such as the rounded head and skeletal structure suggest that all the 37 recognised species within the Felidae family evolved from a common ancestor, probably living in Asia around 10-12 million years ago. The first is stalking. Surely there is no other animal on this planet as majestic as the Lion, especially the big males with their characteristic shaggy manes. Male lions, unlike female lions and other big cats, have manes. We know she can blend in with her surroundings. Often in the daytime, a lion will begin closing in on a potential victim, but will subsequently give itself away, resulting in the prey escaping easily. But apart from kennel cough, she's remained healthy for over 13 years. Such problems are frequently encountered and dealt with by other big cats such as leopards and tigers, who often find ingenious ways of hiding their kills from competitors. Other cats are solitary for no known reason other than it's been that way since the dawn of time. How about the lion? Once a lion has subdued its prey, they begin feasting; focusing initially on the animals intestines- the most nutritious part of the meal. Not only do lions have little effect on the populations of their prey, they also contribute little in terms of controlling their numbers. more The lions' kingdom isn't what it once was. I like this so much I made a roblox game on it. Based on all I’ve read over a couple decades, I’m leaning toward the aspect of the mane, not contributing to a lion’s ability to fight. Other hunting that occurs in sunlight is directly related to the activity of a particular prey species. Manes vary considerably, from location to location, in size. :). Next, manes. Way too many, of course, but hey, they were strays and who can resist? After that, the lion gorges on the rest, working forward from the hindquarters. This question originally appeared on Quora - the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world. This makes them up to three times more successful than lions. Lions, on the other hand, ... the lion is built only for fighting other lions. Lions have terrific night vision. If resources are scarce, the pride becomes smaller. Thank you Rahul and Sgbrown, really appreciate you popping by. Lionesses hunt around 90 percent of the time, while the males protect their pride. In addition to the fact that their senses are not especially sharp, there are several other reasons why lions are not quite as proficient at hunting as other predators. Aslan is the Turkish and Mongolian word for “lion.” It is also the name of the lion in C. S. Lewis’ The … Experts have observed individuals stalking under vegetative cover, occasionally sticking their heads up high out of their cover in order to keep track of a particular animal they may be stalking. With an animal as formidably armed by nature as any of the great cats, it may well be that they do not mean to kill you, it's a case of involuntary manslaughter. However, despite these obvious inefficiencies, prey is so plentiful in most of their range, that these shortcomings are almost irrelevant. Most of us probably already kinda knew that, but now we all know exactly how and why this is so. Mountain Lions, Their Rare Attacks on Humans, and How to Try to Prevent Them. Once upon a … Like those of other cats, the male lion's penis has spines that point backward. Too big for lionesses to approach on their own. Alas, male lions do not directly participate in the parenting, but they will protect the pride's cubs from danger. This can also help them hunt better at night, making lions some of the best nocturnal hunters in the feline world. Well, I suppose you could say three types, if you include hunting for prey that has already been killed by leopards, cheetahs, hyenas and wild dogs… and stealing it! http://pinstor.us/articles/african-lion-facts-the-... Beautiful lion hub - I couldn't help but watch all the videos. They also scavenge or steal prey from leopards, cheetahs, hyenas, or wild dogs, even eating food that has spoiled. So, do big dark manes help a lion to fight? Lions do not mate at a specific time of year and the females are polyestrous. If resources are scarce, the pride becomes smaller. This is due to the fact that at certain times of the year, the scent of lions is detectable by other wildlife throughout much of the region, particularly near any water sources. Over time, that opinion started to shift toward the mane’s purpose being a sexual thing. The size doesn’t seem to have any affect on sexiness or on its ability to fight and protect itself. Cooperative hunting also makes up for another significant problem that lions have in comparison with other predators, their lack of speed. Predators need to kill and eat other animals to survive. Lions about 35 mph, lionesses about 45 mph. gggggggggggftfttttttttt on October 30, 2017: Zaton-Taran from California on June 26, 2017: Truly he is the King of Beasts. This makes sense because of the heat factor. They don’t always laze around. Mountain lions are known by many names including cougars, pumas, panthers, and catamounts. So, some more lesser-known facts. Yes, they get involved as well. Researchers argue about this as it's impossible to judge an animal’s intention (if a lion walks towards an animal, is it hunting it, or was it just going that way anyway? The Lion is the only cat that lives in large social groups, shares its territory, and regularly hunts together. Other large cats are more apt to snarl, yowl, hiss, spit, grunt or cough. Answered by … Leopards, for example often stash their kills in a tree while tigers will remain in the vicinity of their kill until it’s fully eaten. For example, one study in Zimbabwe showed that female lions are more likely to hunt browsers (animals that eat bark, leaves, and twigs) such as giraffes and kudu in the early dry season, and then grazers (animals that eat grass) like zebras and suids (pig family: i.e. Lions are the only big cats that live in groups, called prides. On previous Big Cat Diaries, Half-Tail narrowly escaped a grizzly fate when two lionesses came … She used to brighten up what were normally dull and dreary days. Lions are about ten feet, nose to tail; lionesses are about nine feet. Which in me eyes is a awesome feature! this helped me soooooo much with my lions project!!! Lions roar to communicate their position to other prides. Christy Birmingham from British Columbia, Canada on June 18, 2012: Well-researched and put together. They live in groups, called prides, of around 30 lions. Another, or to put it more accurately the most important reason that lions are able to find enough food is that they usually do their hunting cooperatively. Of all the big cat species in the world, lions are the most social. Lions also gain another advantage through group hunting when they have killed an animal too large for one to eat alone; with an entire pride partaking in the consumption of food not only does more food go to more mouths at one time, but it also allows the pride to avoid the problem of having to guard or store their food. Not cheetah-fast, but pretty darn fast. We know she is lithe and stealthy. Lions, on the other hand, have the well-known reputation of just lion around in the shade (hehe!… sorry). But there is that other aspect of manes that I mentioned, and that is darkness. It is the role of the lionesses to hunt and bring food home to the lions and the cubs in their packs. But when compared to fleet footed herbivores they are rather sluggish, thus justifying the existence of a pride. During withdrawal of the penis, the spines rake the walls of the female's vagina, which may cause ovulation. What is the function of the mane? Great stuff, huh? Common predators include, wolves, lions, cheetahs, and other big cats. But usually, most stalking by lions is done just after sunset, or during the middle of the night, several hours before dawn. The lions ferocity is unmatched; his defense is impregnable, his bravery unconscionable. Lionesses do indeed do the majority of the hunting. They typically weigh between So where it is hot and humid, manes are smaller because they would suffer heat exhaustion! Most of the Lions that you see in the zoo are hybrids of different sub-species that do not hunt themselves and instead are fed by the zoo authorities only. You can follow Quora on Twitter, Facebook, and Google+. These are all things that a lioness seeks, and the darkest maned lions are the ones who become the lion kings of the pride. That’s the basic stuff. Ann1Az2 from Orange, Texas on June 03, 2012: Great hub, JKenny! Thanks again. In other words the mighty lion loved for its courage and stature but hated for its brutal killing of beautiful animals fails 75% of the time when hunting. 9) Lions Are the Second Largest Cat … Mountain lions are nocturnal hunters like many of the others. African lions can grow to between 9 and 10 feet long (3 meters) from head to tail, with the tail being about 2 to 3 feet long (60 to 91 centimeters), according to the Smithsonian National Zoo. They literally have to lie around in the shade! It’s organized. Thanks again. A pride consists of up to three males, a dozen related females, and their young. Well, he’s slower. The number of lionesses that die fighting another lion are relatively low compared to the number of lions and male lion cubs. These guys are made for fighting. In the process though, they do sometimes give themselves away inadvertently. Plant-eaters, on the other hand, usually have big molars that help them grind up leaves and grasses. The other way that Lions hunt is a little more straightforward. Voted up and interesting! It is definitely a never ending war for survival when it comes to this stuff. In this type of hunt, there is no stealthy sneaking around in the grass. Lions, which live in groups called prides, are the most social cats.The size of a pride depends on food availability, but a typical group includes three males, a dozen females, and their cubs. If the prey happens to get help from the rest of its herd, they usually win. The main reason why they do this is simply because their typical habitation is devoid of cover. Enjoyed your hub. Thanks for sharing. In Eastern and Central Africa, the great herds of herbivores vastly outnumber the lion prides. They hunt as a group of males and can really wreak havoc. They hunt other small mammals such as gazelles and antelopes. I have 4 house cats myself. I rescued some puppies one day, but I had to call the animal shelter - I just couldn't keep them. Biologists, zoologists, ethologists have been arguing this forever. These genera are sometimes called “the purring cats” and “the roaring cats,” respectively, although among the latter only the lion roars habitually. Yes, he did in fact kill all the un-weaned male lions that were not his own, when he took over ownership of the pride, from the previous old lion king… who was sent on his way to a lonely death in the bush, after he lost the fight against the strong, virile younger stud. Normally, several lions circle around the herd they are attacking, slowly driving their victims towards some of their fellows hiding in tall grass. 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