Explore . Moctezuma II became the ninth tlatoani and ruler of Tenochtitlan in 1502. +8. Moctezuma II was born in 1466 to Axayacatl, the sixth ruler of the Aztec Empire, and Xochicueyetl. Conquest era. Conquistadors Conquerors Spanish soldiers who conquered the Americas. Montezuma II was the ninth emperor of the Aztec Empire. He probably died disgraced in June 1520.Moctezuma II was succeeded by his brother Cuitláhuac, then by his nephew Cuauhtémoc, the last of the Aztec emperors. We know that Moctezuma II, or Montezuma as he is sometimes called, was the last elected Aztec emperor and ruled over an empire that stretched from the shores of the Pacific to the Gulf of Mexico. Today his name has a lot of spellings, including Montezuma and Motecuhzoma. References: Review of Montezuma: Warlord of the Aztecs by Michael E. Smith; Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest by Matthew Restall; Encyclopædia Britannica online; Smithsonian Archives; Wikipedia article on Moctezuma II; Moctezuma Xocoyotzin By Marisol Martín del Campo. The people were religious, but not uneducated. By the end of his rule, the Spanish had taken over and the Aztecs no longer ruled themselves. Moctezuma II ruled the Aztec Empire from his capital city of Tenochtitlán. From 1502 to 1519, Montezuma had proven himself to be an able leader in war, politics, religion, and diplomacy. Moctezuma II (reigned 1502–20), whose surname was Xocoyotzin or “Bitter Lord,” was the ninth Aztec emperor, the son of Axayácatl and the great grandson of Moctezuma I (also seen as Montezuma I). Montezuma II was the 9th emperor of the Aztecs, he was know as Motecuhzuma Xocoyotzin. Or was it already about to be torn apart by civil war?Either way, many today suggest that he accomplished a lot in the building and maintaining of the empire, until its fall. History. Moctezuma II's father, Axayacatl. Moctezuma welcomed Cortés but was seized by the Spanish and later killed during fighting. He greatly expanded the Aztec Empire which reached its maximum size during his reign. Often mistaken for his popular descendant, Moctezuma II, Moctezuma I greatly contributed to the famed Aztec Empire that thrived until Spanish arrival, and he ruled over a period of peace from 1440 to 1453. It was found that a glyph in the central disk represented the name of the Aztec ruler, Moctezuma II, who ruled between 1502 and 1520. It may be that he has been misjudged from his encounter and loss to the Spanish as indecisive, superstitious and capitulating.He ruled an empire of 5-6 million people. Although the Aztec Empire expanded to its peak under the reign of Moctezuma, it also eventually fell victim to the conquistadores , who took over the capital (now Mexico City) after the ruler himself was killed. When Cortés and his men arrived in Tenochtitlan, Moctezuma II, who precariously ruled over a large empire, chose to welcome Cortés as an honored guest, rather than risk a war which might quickly be joined by aggrieved indigenous people. Read Wikipedia in Modernized UI. studyhawks. Moctezuma II ruled over the empire of the Mexica, as they called themselves – it is pronounced Mesheeka, while the term Aztecs was introduced by later writers – … If you quote this material please be courteous and provide a link. This is because Moctezuma II continued to rule over the Aztec Empire and city of Tenochtitlan from his imprisonment in the Aztec palace. Placing these recent finds alongside significant and historical items on loan from Mexico in the grand Reading Room, the Museum gives us a glimpse of Aztec life in the early 16th century. In 1519 soldiers from Spain , led by Hernán Cortés , arrived in the Aztec lands. The original Nahuatl form of his name was pronounced Template:IPA. LOGIN TO POST ANSWER. For centuries scholars have puzzled over the man - what he thought, what drove him, why he made the decisions he did. He strengthened the reign of himself and his nobles, though his conquests were not as widespread as the ruler before him. The Aztec nobility and religious leaders became very angry during this time with the Spanish. Synopsis. When he came to power after Ahuitzotl's death, it was natural that his job should be to consolidate the power that had come so recently to the Aztecs. The Aztec people cremated his body soon after. Historians have long held that Montezuma II invited Cortes into the city due to Aztec religious beliefs. Regardless, Moctezuma II died during this time and his death was one of several factors that led to the eventual collapse of the Aztec Empire during the Spanish conquest. Many may have been happy for the chance to free themselves from the powerful Aztecs. It is questionable whether it was the superstition of the emperor that was his downfall or not.No one is sure how he died. Historians have reported that Moctezuma II was first made aware of the Spanish’s arrival in 1517 when Spanish conquistadors landed at the edge of Aztec territory along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. The Spanish were no doubt anxious to justify the conquest of the empire. Login with Gmail. Nowadays, his name has many different spellings, including Motecuhzuma and Moctezuma. (1466–1520). Ancestry. Montezuma II Montezuma was the leader of the Aztecs, and he ruled from 1502 until 1520. Other sources claim he was killed by his own people, who felt he had lost them the empire. D. the Spanish as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Close. Just about every aspect of Moctezuma II has been open to controversy. He had also built a large public works program and built a dike at Lake Texcoco to keep the lake from flooding his capital city of Tenochtitlan. Moctezuma (ad. Montezuma was a brave warrior in the field as well as a skilled … Related Questions in History. the Spanish as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. He surrendered to the Spanish in 1520. He greatly expanded the Aztec Empire which reached its maximum size during his reign. Montezuma II was very a smart and industrious ruler. It just so happened that Cortes was white and bearded, fitting the general description. I can identify major Spanish explorers and conquistadors of the Americas. He ruled the land until his untimely death in 1520. Cremation of Moctezuma II from the Florentine Codex. Moctezuma II captured by Spanish conquistadors. Montezuma II (also known as Moctezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma) was the ninth emperor of the Aztec Empire who ruled from 1502 to 1520. Cuitláhuac, the younger brother of Moctezuma II, was chosen as the next tlatoani to rule over Tenochtitlan. Question: Moctezuma II ruled over the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the eighteenth century. Quetzalcoatl: The Feathered Serpent of Mexico The Aztecs believed that their ancestors were not from Central America. Becoming Emperor In 1502, Moctezuma II became Emperor of the Aztec Empire. It has been written with a wide variety of spellings, the most common of which today are Montezuma and Moctezuma. There is much more to Montezuma than his defeat by the Spanish, however. Reign of Montezuma II When his uncle died in 1502, Montezuma automatically ascended to the throne. The problem is that sources are highly contradictory. During the period of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, it was ruled by Moctezuma II. Login. Evidence seems to be mounting that Moctezuma II was actually an industrious and clever ruler. Moctezuma II ruled over the empire of the Mexica, as they called themselves – it is pronounced Mesheeka, while the term Aztecs was introduced by later writers – from 1502. In this version, Moctezuma’s body was said to have been thrown from the palace as the Spanish fled. as part of a festival. Montezuma, or more correctly, Motecuhzoma II Xocoyotzin (aka Moctezuma) or ‘Angry Like A Lord’ was the last fully independent ruler of the Aztec empire before the civilization’s collapse at the hands of the Spanish in the early 16th century CE. Question: Moctezuma II ruled over. Somebody was rewriting history, or maybe everybody was. He greatly expanded the Aztec Empire which reached its maximum size during his reign. Montezuma had been selected to be Tlatoani (the word means "speaker") in 1502, the maximum leader of his people: his grandfather, father, and two uncles had also been tlatoque (plural of tlatoani). The palace of Montezuma II also had two houses or zoos, one for birds of prey and another for other birds , ... Moctezuma had rule over an empire of almost five million people in central and southern Mexico because he had extended his rule to surrounding territories to gain tribute and prisoners to sacrifice to the gods. History. Montezuma II, also spelled Moctezuma, (born 1466—died c. June 30, 1520, Tenochtitlán, within modern Mexico City), ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico, famous for his dramatic confrontation with the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés. Search. Model of Moctezuma II by George Stuart - photo by Mary Harrsch (Click on image to enlarge) Moctezuma Xocoyotzin reigned from 1502 to 1520 and was one of eleven Tlatoque or “Great Speakers” to rule the Aztec empire. Moctezuma II was the 9 th ruler of the Aztec Empire, whose unfortunate reign coincided with the arrival of the Spanish under the conquistador Hernan Cortez (Hernán Cortés). Template:Aztec Moctezuma or Montezuma II, also known as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin (c. 1466 -1520), was an Aztec ruler ("huey tlatoani" of Tenochtitlan), leader of the Aztec Triple Alliance from c. 1502–1520. Moctezuma II ruled over the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the eighteenth century. 01. of 10. Moctezuma tried to keep Cortes from entering and taking the city but ended up as a hostage while Cortes and his allies took over. He surrendered to the Spanish in 1520. Montezuma's headdress (click the images). The Europeans did not conquer the empire alone, they were only a part of a force that changed the order of things in Mexico.The belief that the Aztecs took the Spanish for gods is coming more more into question. He ruled an empire of over 5 million people. Montezuma II Xocoyotzin was leader of the Mexica (Aztec) Empire in 1519 when Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes showed up with a powerful army. The Nahuatl pronunciation of his name is [motek%CA%B7%CB%88so%CB%90ma]. Montezuma II Xocoyotzín, Emperor of the Aztecs . From 1502 to 1519, Montezuma had proven himself to be an able leader in war, politics, religion, and diplomacy. Moctezuma II by Daniel del Valle from the Museo Nacional De Arte, Mexico. World Digital Library. He was in turn succeeded by another of Moctezuma’s uncles, Ahuitzotl. He was Heuy Tlatoani Moctezuma, the Great Speaker of the city of Tenochtitlán (read more about the titles of Aztec government).He was born around 1466, and was to become a successful ruler and general even before he became emperor from 1502-1520.It was in 1517 that the emperor first got the news that strangers had landed on the coast. Montezuma was killed in the fighting–in Aztec reports by the Spaniards, and in Spanish reports by an Aztec mob bitter at Montezuma’s subservience to Spanish rule… Which of these was not a key difference between Northern and … During this time, Moctezuma served as a general under his uncle. On the 8th of November 1519, Cortes and Moctezuma met. Post Your Question. In many ways, this emperor is believed to have been harsh in the ruling of his empire. Often mistaken for his popular descendant, Moctezuma II, Moctezuma I greatly contributed to the famed Aztec Empire that thrived until Spanish arrival, and he ruled over a period of peace from 1440 to 1453. He may have been killed by the Spanish when they felt he was no longer useful. Nowadays, his name has many different spellings, including Motecuhzuma and Moctezuma. At its height, the Aztecs ruled over 80,000 square miles throughout central Mexico, from the Gulf Coast to the Pacific Ocean, and south to what is now Guatemala. Would that empire have continued a thousand years? He was born around the year 1466 and was bound to be a successful ruler before he reigned during 1502 to 1520. Itzcoatl’s successor Montezuma (Moctezuma) I, who took power in 1440, was a great warrior who was remembered as the father of the Aztec empire. He was certainly faced with a difficult situation when the powerful strangers landed. Montezuma had been selected to be Tlatoani (the word means "speaker") in 1502, the maximum leader of his people: his grandfather, father, and two uncles had also been tlatoque (plural of tlatoani). Over the next few months, he was used and imprisoned by the Spanish as the conquest progressed. Montezuma II was proceeded by his great grandfather Montezuma I. Montezuma I had expanded the Aztec Empire to the Gulf of Mexico. Montezuma II is the namesake of Montezuma's revenge, a form of diarrhea that arises when a tourist consumes a food that he/she does not often eat. Would that empire have continued a thousand years? During Montezuma’s reign, a period What do we really know about Moctezuma II (also called Montezuma), the Aztec emperor who met Hernan Cortes and saw the start of an incredible clash of civilizations? . For centuries scholars have puzzled over the man - what he thought, what drove him, why he made the decisions he did. Montezuma's indecision in the face of these unknown invaders certainly contributed to the fall of his empire and civilization. However, Montezuma was doomed to be the last great Aztec king. Chapter 6 Lesson 2 Explorers and Conquerors Learning Targets I can describe Moctezuma II’s rule over the Aztec Empire. Search. However, Montezuma was doomed to be the last great Aztec king. For most of his reign, he controlled a large portion of what is now central and southern Mexico . B. the Incas as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Moctezuma II's father, Axayacatl, ruled the Aztec Empire from 1469-1481 when he died leaving his brother, Tizoc, to take over the throne. He was born around the year 1466 and was bound to be a successful ruler before he reigned during 1502 to 1520. Which Spanish class included Spanish colonists born in the Americas? He chose eventually to meet them in peace, giving gifts and even allowing for their lack of cultural knowledge (for example, no one was allowed to look directly at the emperor - Moctezuma apparently overlooked Cortes' offense in this matter).The Spanish in reality may have just provided the excuse needed for an inevitable civil war. 0 Answers. Moctezuma welcomed Cortés but was seized by the Spanish and later killed during fighting. It is a compound of a noun meaning "lord" and a verb meaning "to frown in anger", and so is interpreted as "he is one who frowns like a lord," "he who is angry in a noble manner," or "he who angers himself." the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Moctezuma II (1466-1520), the Aztec ruler of Mexico, meets Hernan Cortes and his men at the edge of Mexico City (Tenochtitlan). the Spanish as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Placing these recent finds alongside significant and historical items on loan from Mexico in the grand Reading Room, the Museum gives us a glimpse of Aztec life in the early 16th century. MOCTEZUMA II is a historical conundrum. StudyHawks. Moctezuma is remembered today mainly as the Aztec ruler who lost his empire to a European power, although this is an unfair assessment of him. Moctezuma II ruled over the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Let's take a look at the man who ruled in such extraordinary times... Moctezuma views a magic mirror that foretells that coming of the Spaniards.Was the emperor really ruled by superstition, or was he more practical?Picture from the Codex Florentino. Evidence seems to be mounting that Moctezuma II was actually an industrious and clever ruler. He was born in Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec Empire, which is today called Mexico City. Toggle navigation. When Montezuma II was born (circa 1466), the Aztec empire spread to present-day Honduras and Nicaragua. What do we really know about Moctezuma II (also called Montezuma), the Aztec emperor who met Hernan Cortes and saw the start of an incredible clash of civilizations? 1466 – June 1520), also known by a number of variant spellings including Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma and referred to in full by early Nahuatl texts as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin and similar, was the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520.It was during Moctezuma's reign that the episode known as the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire began. Cortés had several hundred soldiers and sailors, as well as horses and guns. In 1519, more Spanish conquistadors arrived, but this time they were led by Hernan Cortés. He is famous for being the ruler of the Aztec empire at the start of the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Montezuma II (also known as Moctezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma) was the ninth emperor of the Aztec Empire who ruled from 1502 to 1520. He died in 1520 during a battle with the Spanish, though the exact cause of his death is a matter of disagreement. Spanish massacre of Aztec people in the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan, https://www.historycrunch.com/moctezuma-ii.html#/. 1 Answers. the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Answers (1) Macy October 14, 3:54 AM. For most of his reign, he controlled a large portion of what is now central and southern Mexico . The Aztecs didn’t start out as a powerful people, however. Moctezuma II ruled the Aztec Empire from his capital city of Tenochtitlán. By the early 16th century, the Aztecs had come to rule over up to 500 small states, and some 5 to 6 million people, either by conquest or commerce. It may be that he has been misjudged from his encounter and loss to the Spanish as indecisive, superstitious and capitulating.He ruled an empire of 5-6 million people. Jan 1, 1502. The Aztecs had thousands of warriors. He ruled over the Aztec Empire until 1520 with the arrival of Spanish conquistadors under the leadership of. Or was it already about to be torn apart by civil war?Either way, many today suggest that he accomplished a lot in the building and maintaining of the empire, until its fall. When he came to power he continued the campaigns of conquest and expanded the Aztec Empire even further than it had already in the previous decades. Moctezuma II ruled over. The articles on this site are ©2006-2020. LOGIN TO VIEW ANSWER. It is a compound of a noun meaning "lord" and a verb meaning "to frown in anger", and so is interpreted as "he is one who frowns like a lord" or "he who is angry in a noble manner." Montezuma II (also known as Moctezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma) was the ninth emperor of the Aztec Empire who ruled from 1502 to 1520. (1466–1520). the Spanish as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. This may be the reason why Cortes was able to find allies among the cities of Mexico in his conquest. Due to his uncle's efforts in expanding the empire, Montezuma's rule stretched across what is now known as the … Wrapping up the year with the third of its major exhibitions in 2009, the British Museum brings us a selection of recent archaeological discoveries from the time Moctezuma II ruled the Aztec Empire. Even before he received this … Montezuma II himself was taken as a hostage by the notorious Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortes in 1519. the Incas as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Historians have long held that Montezuma II invited Cortes into the city due to Aztec religious beliefs. Moctezuma II, the 9th emperor of the Aztecs, was known as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin. Unsure of who these people were or what they wanted, Moctezuma II ordered his people to keep him informed of their movements and actions. C. the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. He was a warrior leader considered to be a demi-god by his subjects, who in his early years massively expanded the … Moctezuma II became the ninth tlatoani and ruler of Tenochtitlan in 1502. He Was a Great Warrior and General. the Incas as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Montezuma Was Not Really … Moctezuma II was the 9 th ruler of the Aztec Empire, whose unfortunate reign coincided with the arrival of the Spanish under the conquistador Hernan Cortez (Hernán Cortés). It just so happened that Cortes was white and bearded, fitting the general description. In 1519 soldiers from Spain , led by Hernán Cortés , arrived in the Aztec lands. Actually, that's not the only thing that's a matter of disagreement. Ruled the Aztec Empire from 1469-1481 when he died leaving his brother.Tizoc, to take over the throne. The Aztec Empire was at its best when Montezuma II was crowned in 1502. Login with Facebook He more than doubled the area of dominance.One of the great generals that fought his battles, however, was his nephew - Moctezuma. In fact, this was the expedition of Juan de Grijalva who was a Spanish conquistador and one of the first European explorers to arrive in Mexico. Palaces of Montezuma II. These city-states ruled the area in and around the Mexico Valley from 1428 until they were defeated by the Spanish in 1521 as part of the Spanish conquest. The use of a regnal number is only for modern distinction from the first Moctezuma, referred to as Moctezuma I bec… After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. According to these beliefs, the Aztecs expected an important god by the name of Quetzalcoatl - a white, bearded god - to return to rule over the empire. He ruled an empire of over 5 million people. I can explain how Hernando Cortes was able to conquer the Aztec. He ruled over the Aztec Empire until 1520 with the arrival of Spanish conquistadors under the leadership of Hernan Cortés. However, Moctezuma II is most famous for being the Aztec ruler during the. But was it Moctezuma II that was really the target of this hate, or just the powerful Mexica culture?When it came to conquering and expansion, it was really the previous emperor that steals the spotlight - Ahuitzotl. Moctezuma II ruled over the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the eighteenth century. Asked By lcarpetron @ 22/05/2020 12:08 AM. The Aztecs had thousands of warriors. Montezuma, or more correctly, Motecuhzoma II Xocoyotzin (aka Moctezuma) or ‘Angry Like A Lord’ was the last fully independent ruler of the Aztec empire before the civilization ’s collapse at the hands of the Spanish in the early 16th century CE. the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. The Spanish overthrew the Aztec Empire with the aid of thousands of the Aztec’s enemies. Millions of people in 38 provinces paid tribute to the Aztec ruler, Montezuma II, prior to the Spanish Conquest in 1521. The Aztec people, however, resented the … For this reason, it's hard to get beyond the basics and really understand the man. When his father died in 1481, the throne passed to one of his uncles, Tizocic, who reigned until 1486. Montezuma II Xocoyotzín, Emperor of the Aztecs . Moctezuma II (reigned 1502–20), whose surname was Xocoyotzin or “Bitter Lord,” was the ninth Aztec emperor, the son of Axayácatl and the great grandson of Moctezuma I (also seen as Montezuma I). The indigenous peoples themselves may have wanted someone to blame as well. Moctezuma (c. 1466 – June 1520), also known by a number of variant spellings including Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma and referred to in full by early Nahuatl texts as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin, [N.B. His great grandson, Montezuma II was born around the year 1466. 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