This argument implies that the soul must have existed prior to birth, which in turn implies that the soul’s life extends beyond that of the body’s. The philosophical subject of the dialogue is the immortality of the soul. Plato was a pupil of Socrates, after the death of Socrates he went on to rebuild his dialogues, these dialogues recounted the beliefs Socrates had in regards to immortality of the soul. So whenever soul takes possession of a body, it always brings life with it? All following references will refer to the Phaedo. It has four main issues or arguments which Socrates presents as a way of proving the immortality of the soul. Lecture 9 - Plato, Part IV: Arguments for the Immortality of the Soul (cont.) Socrates offers four arguments to support the soul’s immortality: Within every person, there is an immortal soul. In writing and preaching about the immortal soul doctrine, the early church fathers used as their source, not Scripture, but Plato. His dialogue Phaedo is mainly concerned with these arguments; Cebes, the person who is in dialogue with Socrates, suggests that perhaps the soul just disappears, like smoke, into nothingness when the body dies, and he asks for some kind of persuasive argument to justify Socrates’ belief in the immortality of the soul. Of course. Is this always so? The Phaedo stands alongside the Republic as the most philosophically dense dialogue of Plato's middle period. Gallop, D. “Plato’s ‘Cyclical Argument’ Recycled.” Phronesis 27 (1982) 207-222. Plato 's final argument in Phaedo for the immortality of the soul is one of the most interesting topics of all time. immortality of the soul, both Plato and Hume must rely on analogy. 1. Phaedo, Apology, Euthyphro and Crito are known as tetralogy as they deal with the trial and eventual death of Socrates. Plato’s arguments take for granted that souls exist; he only attempts to prove that they are immortal. In one of Plato's arguments for the immortality of the soul, a key assumption is that. During the paper, I will explain Plato’s view towards the immortality of the soul, which argument of Plato’s is the strongest to defending his claim, then I will talk about three arguments as to why I believe there is an immortal soul within each human being. Death (PHIL 176)The discussion of Plato's Phaedo continues, presenting more arguments for the existence and immortality of the soul. Plato’s 1st argument for the Immortality of the Soul from opposites and Theory of Reincarnation Plato’s Phaedo is a dialog between Phaedo, Cebes and Simmias where Socrates gives some arguments for the immortality of the soul. The Immortal Soul: Ideas of Socrates, Plato & Augustine Further Research. Plato - A Dualist View Dualism - Plato was a dualist, meaning he believed in two separate entities when it came to body & soul Plato suggested that the soul is immortal while the body is mortal, at the end of life the soul is set free from the body The soul's destination is… a. there is no difference between earthly existence and the afterlife. Argument 1: The Argument from Opposites (70b-72d) (1) If the souls of the living come only from the dead, then the souls of men who have died must exist in the underworld. In essence, Phaedo is an explanation of immortality of the soul, as put across by Plato. The four previous posts were an introduction, the cyclical argument, the argument from recollection, and the argument from affinity. The dialogue is primarily an argument for the immortality of the soul that Socrates is trying to convince his grief-ridden colleagues, and maybe indeed himself, of in order to prove that his execution is merely the separation of his soul from his body… and not his actual ‘death’. The only escape, Socrates proposed, is to acknowledge that we already know what we need to know. This is the doctrine of recollection, Plato's conviction that our most basic knowledge comes when we bring back to mind our acquaintance with eternal realities during a previous existence of the soul. Something cannot become its opposite while… Hence, the assumptions made by Plato concerning the immortality of the human soul are dependent on how each individual perceives the concept of the existence of the soul. Thus, Plato’s theory deals with only the rational and the struggle of the soul’s immortality, it does not explain the facts and true functions of the soul. Socrates provides four arguments for believing the soul is immortal. Phædo or Phaedo (/ ˈ f iː d oʊ /; Greek: Φαίδων, Phaidōn [pÊ°aídɔːn]), also known to ancient readers as On The Soul, is one of the best-known dialogues of Plato's middle period, along with the Republic and the Symposium. to fully establish the immortality of the soul, and is considered by Plato to be unobjectionable and certain. Overview. Human beings seem always to have had some notion of a shadowy double that survives the death of the body. The theory of recollection on the same imply that the immortality of the soul means that only the body is mortal, but the soul persists before and after one ceases to live (Elon University, 2014). In this work, Phaedo tells us about Socrates’ final days, who has been convicted to … It contains the first extended discussion of the Theory of Forms, four arguments for the immortality of the soul, and strong arguments in favor of the philosophical life. An Analytic Outline of Plato's Phaedo Brian B. Clayton THE FIRST THREE IMMORTALITY ARGUMENTS IN THE "PHAEDO" 1. This paper will use as its reference the Phaedo, written by Plato. He draws inspiration from the Greek myth that as the bowels of Hades are filled with the souls of the dead, so too is the land of the living repopulated from Hades. Yes, it does. Overview. Immortal meaning that after death the soul continues to live on. One of the key elements separating Socrates and Plato from Augustine is the element of Christianity. The immortality of the soul. Like his third argument Plato’s Final Argument addresses the question of what the relation is between the seemingly divine and immortal ideas and the soul. The purpose of the philosophical life is to free the soul from the needs of the body. Is there an opposite to life, or not? After dealing with his interlocutors objections, Socrates constructs a final argument as follows: 1. This will be shown, by analyzing the arguments that Plato used to show this fact. Phaedo is one of the great dialogues by Plato that portrays Socrates’ final days and his discussion on the Immortality of the Soul. Christian ideas were in some ways identical to Neoplatonic ones. The Final Proof of the Immortality of the Soul in Plato's Phaedo 102a - 107a DOROTHEA FREDE Among the arguments presented by Socrates as proofs for the everlasting-ness of the human soul the last one has greatly puzzled philosophers because it seems that, in opposition to the earlier arguments,' Plato con-sidered this last argument conclusive. ... Christians tried to reconcile the dualism of Plato – the belief in a soul distinct from the body – with the ideas of Aristotle. Matthen, M. “Forms and Participants in Plato’s Phaedo.” Noûs 18:2 (1984) 281-297. Professor Kagan elaborates on the “argument from simplicity” and discusses in detail Plato’s claims that the soul is simple, changeless and therefore indestructible. The Argument for the Immortality of the Soul from Indestructibility (608c-612a) A note of caution: Plato wrote dialogues not treatises. Soul. Discusses Plato’s argument concerning equals at 74b7-c6. These dialogues show the life of the philosophical mind at work: questioning, arguing, speculating, imagining, wondering, struggling, and understanding. b. the immortality of the soul and the preexistence of the soul are two different ways of talking about the same concept. But, a major area of discussion in the philosophy of mind is the existence of the soul. Compare And Contrast Plato And Hume And Immortality Of The Soul. Unlike the body, the soul is immortal, so it will survive death. 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