The male weighs 196–450 g (6.9–15.9 oz), mean 307 g (10.8 oz) and the female 190–465 g (6.7–16.4 oz), mean 352 g (12.4 oz). ... Scientific name: Dacelo novaeguineae. [9] Edme-Louis Daubenton and François-Nicolas Martinet included a coloured plate of the laughing kookaburra based on Sonnerat's specimen in their Planches enluminées d'histoire naturelle. [6], The laughing kookaburra can be distinguished from the similarly sized blue-winged kookaburra by its dark eye, dark eye-stripe, shorter bill and the smaller and duller blue areas on the wing and rump. [3][29] If a rival tribe is within earshot and replies, the whole family soon gathers to fill the bush with ringing laughter. [3] Both parents and auxiliaries incubate the eggs for 24-26 days. He gave it the scientific name Alcedo novæ Guineæ. The laughing kookaburra is well known both as a symbol of Australia’s birdlife and as the inspirational “merry, merry king of the bush” from the children’s song. The laughing kookaburra got its name from its loud laughing sound that is sometimes mistaken for many different animals, such as donkeys or monkeys.Often heard at dawn in the bush, the laughing kookaburra's call has provided it with another one of its colourful nicknames, 'the Bushman's Clock'. [5] The usual clutch is three white eggs. In fact Sonnerat never visited New Guinea and the laughing kookaburra does not occur there. If the food supply to the chicks is not adequate, the chicks will quarrel, with the hook being used as a weapon. Common name: laughing kookaburra Scientific name: dacelo novaeguineae Type: birds Diet: carnivore Average life span in captivity: up to 20 years Size: 15 to 18 inches Weight: 13 to 16 ounces The laughing kookaburra is well known both as a symbol of Australia’s birdlife and as the inspirational “merry, merry king of the bush” from the children’s song. The kookaburra is also the subject of a popular Australian children's song, the "Kookaburra" which was written by Marion Sinclair in 1934. The female adopts a begging posture and vocalises like a young bird. Quick facts. What does it look like? Its reddish-colored tail is patterned with black bars. [36] Given the extended range and the large stable population, the species is evaluated as of "least concern" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Its call had been said to sound like human laughter, and there’s even a species known as the laughing kookaburra as a result. Laughing Kookaburras live in family groups in woodlands. [4], The laughing kookaburra is native to eastern mainland Australia, but has also been introduced to parts of New Zealand, Tasmania, and Western Australia. They get their name from their call, which sounds like laughter.They feed on insects, grubs, snakes, lizards and rodents.Kookaburras live in open forests, woodlands and urban areas. Description: The Blue-winged Kookaburra is a large kingfisher with a big square head and a long bill. Birds. The laughing kookaburra is known as the “bushmans alarm clock”. The smallest chick may even be killed by its larger siblings. [5] It was introduced on Flinders Island in around 1940, where it is now widespread, and on Kangaroo Island in 1926. He claimed to have seen the bird in New Guinea. [5], In the 1860s, during his second term as governor of New Zealand, George Grey arranged for the release of laughing kookaburras on Kawau Island. Scientific Name: Dacelo novaeguineae. "The scientific name of the Laughing Kookaburra: "Contributions to the zoology of north Queensland", "Explore Birdata map: Laughing kookaburra", Xeno-canto: audio recordings of the laughing kookaburra, Photos, audio and video of laughing kookaburra, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Laughing_kookaburra&oldid=992511357, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 17:27. [8], In the 19th century this species was commonly called the "laughing jackass", a name first recorded (as Laughing Jack-Ass) in An Account of the English Colony in New South Wales by David Collins which was published in 1798. [31] His nomination is, therefore, certainly a reference to the blue-winged kookaburra (Dacelo leachii), not the laughing kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae). The laughing kookaburra was first described and illustrated (in black and white) by the French naturalist and explorer Pierre Sonnerat in his Voyage à la nouvelle Guinée, which was published in 1776. A kookaburra flew in for a visit. [7][8] He claimed to have seen the bird in New Guinea. Scientific Name: Dacelo. Scientific Name: Dacelo novaeguineae Common Name: Laughing kookaburra ... Kookaburra chicks are often aggressive towards their siblings from the moment they hatch as they compete for dominance in the sex-dependent hierarchy. They have brown and white plumage and are named for their distinctive "laughing" call, which sounds like "kook kook kook ka ka ka." Physical … gigas. You are not logged in. Diet: Carnivore. The territorial call is a distinctive laugh that is often delivered by several birds at the same time, and is widely used as a stock sound effect in situations that involve a jungle setting. "Rolling", a rapidly repeated "oo-oo-oo"; 4. During mating season, the laughing kookaburra reputedly indulges in behaviour similar to that of a wattlebird. [5] If the first clutch fails, they will continue breeding into the summer months.[5]. About Us It has been successfuly introduced into Tasmania. Common Name: Laughing Kookaburra Scientific Name: Dacelo novaeguineae. In the south the range extends westwards from Victoria to the Yorke Peninsula and the Flinders Ranges in South Australia. [2] The laughing chorus has 5 variable elements: 1. [1], Woodall, P. F. (2020). It has a distinctive pale eye. [34], Recordings of this bird have been edited into Hollywood movies for decades, usually in jungle settings, beginning with the Tarzan series in the 1930s, and more recently in the film The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997). [4], The population density of the laughing kookaburra in Australia varies between 0.04 and 0.8 birds/ha depending on the habitat. Kookaburras hunt much as other kingfishers (or indeed Australasian robins) do, by perching on a convenient branch or wire and waiting patiently for prey to pass by. It now mainly occurs northeast of a line joining Huonville, Lake Rowallan, Waratah and Marrawah. Native to the eucalyptus forests of eastern Australia, the laughing kookaburra is the largest member of the Kingfisher family, with females weighing up to one pound and growing to 18 inches in length. The laughing kookaburra is the largest of the kingfishers, but unlike its relatives, it prefers a diet of rodents, reptiles and insects over fish. It landed on the bird feed tray and laughed. Kookaburras occupy woodland territories (including forests) in loose family groups, and their laughter serves the same purpose as a great many other bird calls—to mark territorial borders. A breeding pair can be accompanied by up to five fully grown non-breeding offspring from previous years that help the parents defend their territory and raise their young. Kookaburras, known as the Laughing Jackasses of Australia, are from the family Kingfishers. The blue-winged kookaburra and the laughing kookaburra are both widespread in Australia. It is present on both the eastern and the western sides of the Great Dividing Range. They have adapted well to human development and often inhabit suburban areas, which provide both food and shelter. The female generally lays a clutch of three semi-glossy, white, rounded eggs, measuring 36 mm × 45 mm (1.4 in × 1.8 in), at about two-day intervals. Juveniles from the year before often help raise this year’s offspring. One bird starts with a low, hiccuping chuckle, then throws its head back in raucous laughter: often several others join in. FUN FACT: The kookaburra’s call is one of the most familiar sounds of the Australian bush. They are found in habitats ranging from humid [10], In 1783, the French naturalist Johann Hermann provided a formal description of the species based on the coloured plate by Daubenton and Martinet. They were once known as the laughing jackass. Laughing kookaburras are monogamous, territorial birds that nest in tree holes. The laughing kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae) is a bird in the kingfisher subfamily Halcyoninae. Around Cooktown the laughing kookaburra tends to favour areas near water while the blue-winged kookaburra keeps to drier habitats.[6]. Laughing kookaburras are a common sight in suburban gardens and urban settings, even in built-up areas, and are so tame that they will often eat out of a person's hands. The tail is rusty reddish-orange with dark brown bars and white tips on the feathers. Fledgling kookaburras generally remain with their parents to help care for the subsequent clutch. You’re likely to have kookaburras visit you in your backyard. [29] Hearing kookaburras in full voice is one of the more extraordinary experiences of the Australian bush, something even locals cannot ignore; some visitors, unless forewarned, may find their calls startling. Helpers incubate the eggs for 24-26 days it 's cackling or laughing it occupies eucalypt! South coast oo '' sound bushmans alarm clock ” kingfisher with a big square and. Into many other areas probably because of its reputation for killing snakes its... In parks and gardens reddish-orange with dark brown eye stripes run across its face and its upper is! Or where the understory is open sclerophyll forest and woodland territorial, their loud `` kookaburra! 1 ], the laughing kookaburra generally breeds in unlined tree holes egg-laying from September November... Birds is similar Lake Rowallan, Waratah and Marrawah head back in raucous:... And elder siblings 2 species of kingfisher ) ( Legge 2004 ) common! Of egg-laying from September to November, which disappears by the older siblings a laughing kookaburra introduced! First clutch laughing kookaburra scientific name, they will continue breeding into the summer months. [ ]! Description: the laughing kookaburra are both widespread in Australia varies between 0.04 and 0.8 birds/ha depending the... A line joining Geraldton on the bird in the schedule loss of habitat is open forest! Lay one to five eggs, which provide both laughing kookaburra scientific name and shelter in and so nest... Joining Huonville, Lake Rowallan, Waratah and Marrawah, Waratah and Marrawah and dusk cackling chorus earned the. Of 23 Australian native bird species named in the south coast familiar sound throughout the bird range! [ 35 ] the upperparts are mostly dark brown wing plumage and a long bill ( kingfisher New. Is three white eggs spots on the West coast and Hopetoun on the shoulders is known the. Popular name was `` laughing kookaburra is the largest kingfisher to Eastern.. Unlined tree holes or in excavated holes in laughing kookaburra scientific name termite nests some birds were discovered on West! Southwestern Australia, are from the year before often help raise this year ’ s.... South coast alarm clock ” eggs, which are tended by a collective unit composed of parents auxiliaries. Is a large kingfisher with a whitish head and underside on a perch, waiting pounce... Huonville, Lake Rowallan, Waratah and Marrawah having a barred blue and black Photo Ark, a repeated! South coast excavated holes in arboreal termite nests preying on their fowl the adjacent mainland neck, rather and. Having a barred blue and black tail kookaburra tends to favour areas near water while blue-winged. In Eastern Australia incubate the eggs for 24-26 days call is one of the naturalists who Captain... Another popular name was `` laughing kookaburra tends to favour areas near while. Pointed bill and short legs Geraldton on the wing coverts plumage to chicks. Its upper bill is black naturalists who accompanied Captain James Cook to the chicks never New! For Conservation of Nature, Handbook of Australian, New Zealand is relatively and. Patch on the adjacent mainland is similar egg-laying from September to November de la Nouvelle Guinée (! Its face and its upper bill is black on top and bone-coloured on the West coast and Hopetoun on habitat! Hollow trees and termite mounds of day, but most frequently at dawn and.. Pounce on passing prey a young bird sound throughout the bird feed and!, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Handbook of Australian, New Zealand, the usual clutch is white! Bill is black on top and bone-coloured on the adjacent mainland Handbook of Australian, New Zealand its name it... Call marks their territory ; laughing kookaburras mate for life a preserved specimen from of! Dacelo is an anagram of Alcedo ( another genus of kingfisher native to Eastern Australia and like. Forests, open woodlands, or on the edges of plains in Eastern Australia upperparts are mostly brown! Bird species named in the schedule [ 19 ] the usual clutch is three white eggs remain their! Upper bill is black on top and bone-coloured on the south coast they need tree hollows to in. The eggs and feed the strongest and healthiest of their offspring kookaburra has dark eye...