Among others, these include the following rivers: Morona, Pastaza, Nucuray, Urituyacu, Chambira, Tigre, Nanay, Napo, Huallaga, and Ucayali. While the Amazon River supports the dense and extensive Amazon rainforest that is the world���s largest and most biodiverse tract of tropical rainforest, the river, and its branches are also home to a great diversity of aquatic and semi-aquatic fauna. Geographers long agreed that, while the Amazon might be the world���s largest river by volume, the longest was likely the Nile. They are located along the West coast of South America. Find out where the Amazon River is located, how big it is, interesting facts and much more. The Amazon is considered the widest river in the world, with a width of between 1 and 6.2 miles (1.6 to 10 km), which expands during the wet season to around 30 miles (50 km). There is the Ica River also known as the Putumayo River that is 979 miles long. The fountain heads are in middle Peru close to a place named Chingalpo, in the high planes of the Andes Mountains. The Amazon River is fed by a series of tributaries that are categorized into three types depending on the terrain they pass through and the sediments they pick along the way. The Amazon River in South America is the widest and largest river in the world. It can reach a length of 450 centimeters (177.17 inches) and weigh up to 200 kilograms (440 lbs). River Severn | River Thames. In fact, the Amazon River is responsible for about one-fifth (twenty percent) of the fresh water that flows into the world's oceans. The River Amazon in South America is the largest river by discharge of water in the world, and the second in length.. Source: Calillona, Peru. The uncertainty that surrounds Apurimac���s sour��� The Amazon River in South America is the largest river by discharge volume of water in the world, and the disputed longest river in the world. . Source may vary, river remains the same. (CCoetzer/TSjogren) During 1985-86 Piotr Chmielinski became the only member of the 13-person Amazon expedition who managed to navigate the river entirely from Source to Sea. 8 Amazon River Facts . The source of the Amazon river is in the Apacheta valley, at the slopes of Mount Quehuisha in the department of Arequipa (Peru), where the Apacheta creek flows.The river mouth is in the Atlantic Ocean. By Joseph Kiprop on May 10 2018 in Environment. The Apacheta creek is a spring that originates from the thawing of permafrost. The Amazon River is the second longest river in the world and is about 4,000 miles (6400 km) long. Here are 15 amazing facts about the Amazon River that are sure to blow you away: 1. The river originates from the Andes mountains in the Peru.. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. One of the most significant tributaries that feed into the Amazon River which has always been assumed to be the source is the Apurimac River. Then there is the famous Rio Negro that flows through Brazil, Venezuela, and Colombia and is 1,400 miles long. It is the second longest after River Nile which holds the record as the longest river. Then there is the Huallaga River from Peru standing at 680 miles, and lastly, there is the Trombetas River that cuts through Brazil and is approximately 472 miles long. Lastly, there is the Clearwater Rivers that run in highlands over ancient rocks whose sediments were washed off long ago. Learn more about the Amazon River with our range of facts. Japura has a drainage basin covering 98,726 square miles. As it flows downstream, the Apacheta creek experiences a series of temperature changes, receiving the waters of the Cacansa stream, and afterwards, the Sillanque. Then there is the Xingu River that also flows also through Brazil and is 1,230 miles long. Threats to water quality of the river mean that these species are in danger. These islands are dotted throughout the river. While this was still in contention, a Peruvian geographer, Carlos Penaherrera claimed the Nevado Mismi, a mountain in the Andes to be the source of the Apurimac River and by extension the Amazon’s. The water is of good quality, and locals use the water for domestic use, pasture irrigation and energy generation. The principal tributaries include the following, The Madeira River which spans across Bolivia and Brazil and is 2,020 miles long and accounts for about 15% of the water volume in the basin. That is an interesting question. Until the source of the Amazon was found, several locations had been proposed, including Mount Mismi and Quehuisha, in the province of Cailloma, Mount Minasplata and Mount Cutiti. The Amazon River carries more water than any other river in the world. The Mouth (Delta) is located in North Eastern Brazil. The uncertainty that surrounds Apurimac’s source has made it hard for people to determine the true source of the Amazon River. The Upper Amazon comprises a series of major river systems in Peru that flow north and south into the Marañón River. Along the way it is joined by about 1,100 tributaries (branches), many of which ��� This claim was not taken as fact, more expeditions were made into the region, and in 2000 a new claim was made about a tributary called Carhuasanta to be the source of the Amazon River. I like the writers sense of humour. The Amazon river begins its journey in the Andes and makes its way east through six South ��� Countries: Brazil, Colombia and Peru. There is the Teles Pires River from Brazil that flows for 850 miles long. Because of this, there is less plant diversity. The River and the Source - Kindle edition by Ogola, Margaret A., Worldreader. This image originally appeared in the NASA Earth Observatory story Source of the Amazon River. The Amazon River is the second longest river in the world, and the latest discovery adds a further ��� The Amazon River Coming a close second after the Nile as the world���s longest river, the Amazon River sets the record in terms of the sheer volume of water that it carries ��� a mind-boggling average discharge of 219,000 m 3 /sec of water. As it flows downstream, the Apacheta creek experiences a series of ��� After an expedition to Peru to locate the Amazon���s precise source, the team described a different starting point. Originating in the snow-crested Andes Mountains high above Lake Lauricocha in central Peru, the headstream of the Marañón River rises in the glaciersin what is known as the ��� The source of the Amazon river is in the Apacheta valley, 10 facts about the Amazon, where more is more. It is also the largest in terms of the size of its watershed, the number of tributaries, and the volume of water discharged into the sea. The Andes are the world's longest continental mountain range. The river has several names in accordance with our official geography. The river and the source surpassed my expectations. The Amazon River is the second longest river in the world (after the Nile River) ��� although this is often debated ��� but it has the largest water-flow in the world by far. Madre de Dios comes up next at 700 miles and flows through Peru and Bolivia, and it is also another tributary of the Madeira. Whitewater Rivers range from neutral to slightly acidic. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. This image has been processed in a way that shows water bodies, such as the Amazon River, in blue. 1 . Guapore is 1,087 miles long. The Amazon River, starting in the highlands of the Peruvian Andes. The source of the Amazon. Mammals, amphibians and water snakes also call the Amazon River home. The Amazon river runs 4,000 miles from the Andes to the sea, and is longer than any river but the Nile. However, the Amazon River is by far the biggest river in the world in volume of water and the breadth of its basin. As the world���s second-largest river, the Amazon River and its tributaries thrive with various forms of life. In total, the Amazon River has approximately 1,100 tributaries out of which 17 are the biggest and most notable. Its headwaters are in the Andes Mountains in Peru, on the western edge of South America and flows eastward into the Atlantic Ocean near the equator. Source of the Amazon River. NASA image created by Jesse Allen, using SRTM data provided courtesy of the University of Maryland���s Global Land Cover Facility, and river data provided courtesy of the World Wildlife Fund HydroSHEDS Project. It is the largest blackwater river that accounts for 14% of the water in the Amazon basin. Location: It flows east across South America and enters the Atlantic Ocean. The Amazon is the greatest river in the world by so many measures; the volume of water it carries to the sea (approximately 20% of all the freshwater discharge into the oceans), the area of land that drains into it, and its length and width.It is one of the longest rivers in the world and, depending upon who you talk to, is anywhere between 6,259km/3,903mi and 6,712km/4,195mi long. Amazon River - Amazon River - Physiography of the river course: The Amazon River���s main outlets are the two channels north of Marajó Island, a lowland somewhat larger in size than Denmark, through a cluster of half-submerged islets and shallow sandbanks. The source of the Amazon River has always been hotly debated, and until 1971, the Apurimac River was considered the source of the Amazon. Next is the Juruena River, a tributary of the Tapajos Rover, it flows through Brazil, and it is 770 miles. Then there is the Blackwater Rivers which are are deep brown caused by decomposing plant materials, and these materials make the waters highly acidic and inhospitable to bacteria and parasites. Other River Amazon Facts. The Amazon River originates in Peru. However, the glacier has retreated, so the snow if located at higher elevation; on average the snow retreats 4 metres every year. Length: About 6400 km (4000 miles) Source: Andes Mountains, Peru. © 2013-2020 Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Its waters are populated by 2,500 different species of fish, scientists believe that there are many more that have not been identified yet. Next is the Maranon River flowing through Peru that was once considered to be the first source of the Amazon River, Maranon is 879 miles long. Amazon River Fact File. However, this was also quickly disputed by a majority of geographers who based their counter-argument on the fact that the Mantaro River dries up for five months of the year due to the diversion of its waters to the Tablachaca dam. He covered the distance all ��� Mantaro River itself has its source in the Cordillera Rumi Cruz Mountains. In 1996, the Amazon Source expedition set off with the purpose of exploring the mountains in Cailloma and establish the location of the source of the Amazon. Although a small river in comparison to the others mentioned so far this, it is considered by cartographers as the furthermost water source of the Amazon. It runs through Ecuador, Venezuela, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia and Peru.. I also liked the fast-paced nature in which she tells the story. These are tributaries that cover less than 1,100 miles, and most of them drain into the major tributaries. For around six to seven months a year, the river will rise and flood surrounding areas with around 10 meters of water [3]. Tocantins River in Brazil is another with a length of 1,640 miles, and its main tributary the Araguaia River with a length of about 1,632 miles. The length of the Amazon River is approximately 6400 kilometers (4000 miles).. The Amazon is the widest river of the world. The river mouth is in the Atlantic Ocean. Tapajos River comes next at 1,238 miles long and flows through Brazil. At last, their scientific report identified the Apacheta valley as the source of the Amazon. There the mouth of the river is 40 miles (64 km) wide. First is the Whitewater Rivers which are brown as a result of picking up large amounts of soil based sediments. The waters in these rivers are slightly acidic, and at some places, the riverbed is visible from above. The river is located in the Arequipa region of Peru and is fed by the winter snows of the Nevado. One of the most significant tributaries that feed into the Amazon River which has always been assumed to be the source is the Apurimac River. This image, captured by the Copernicus Sentinel-1 mission, shows the Amazon River meandering through one of the most vital ecosystems in the world ��� the Amazon rainforest in South America.. (6,28 The Jurua River flows through Peru and Brazil and covers 1,500 miles long. The Amazon River Source. Length: The Amazon is 3,900 miles long. The Amazon River is the greatest river of South America and its biodiversity the richest of any river in the world. It traverses through six South American countries that include Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil, and Bolivia before draining into the Atlantic Ocean. All rights reserved. Mouth: Atlantic Ocean. The Arapaima fish is also known as the Pirarucu, is the second freshwater largest fish the world, after the Beluga Sturgeon (Huso huso).Its scientific name is Arapaima gigas.This fish can only be found wild in the Amazon River Basin in South America. It flows from its source, Nevado Mismi, in the mountains of Peru to the Atlantic coast of Brazil. The Amazon River is among the longest rivers on the planet covering a distance of around 4,000 miles. The Iriri River which is a tributary of the Xingu is 810 miles long. The Amazon River is therefore the second longest river in the world. The source of the Amazon is 5,170 metres above sea level. Natascha Schmidt,��� Vincent Fauvelle,��� Anouck Ody,��� Javier Castro-Jimenez,�� ��� Julien Jouanno,��� Thomas Changeux,��� Thierry Thibaut,��� and Richard Sempe��re ��*,��� ���Aix-Marseille Univ., Toulon Univ., CNRS, IRD, Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography (MIO), Marseille 13288, France Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The River and the Source. As it is flush with water, the river carries nutrient-rich soil down the river. As a result, this leaves the Apurimac River as the only tributary that so far is supported by a majority of people to be the actual source of the mighty Amazon River. The Apacheta creek is a spring that originates from the thawing of permafrost. Believe it or not, there���s been wide speculation over the real ���source��� of the Amazon River for decades with researchers at constant odds over findings. The Amazon River is home to more than 3,000 species of fish, as well as numerous amounts of mammals, amphibians, and reptiles [2]. Next is the Japura River that stands 1,750 miles long flowing through Colombia and Brazil. In 2014 another geographer came up with a new argument in regards to the source of the Amazon River. There is the Guapore River that flows through Brazil and Bolivia and is a tributary of the Madeira River. Top Amazon River Waterfalls: See reviews and photos of waterfalls in Amazon River, Brazil on Tripadvisor. The Amazon River: A Major Source of Organic Plastic Additives to the Tropical North Atlantic? Apumaric originates from Peru; however, this claim has been contested on several occasions because Apurimac River’s source had always been assumed to be Lake Vilafro in Peru, but many believe the actual source of the river to be Mount Huagra. The area where the mouth of the Amazon River is located in eastern Brazil features a number of islands. There is also Ucayali River that flows through Peru covering 1,200 miles and is famous for its rapids that made navigation impossible in the past. Dean Jacobs goes to southern Peru to find the source of the Amazon River in South America. and traveling eastward 4000 miles where it flows into the Atlantic Ocean, makes the Amazon River the largest river in the world for volume, and the second longest river behind the Nile River.. The Amazon River (also named Rio Amazonas in Portuguese and Spanish) is the largest river in the world by the amount or volume of water it carries.It flows through the tropical forests of South America, mainly in Brazil. In 2007, however, the BBC reported that a team of Brazilian researchers challenged that long-held belief. The source of the Amazon is the Andes mountain range, in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Chile. There is the Purus River that cuts through Peru and Brazil and is 1,995 miles long with a drainage basin of 24,389 square miles. The geographer, Conto published a journal that attributed the source of the Amazon to a river called Mantaro that originates from Peru, and this was based on the fact that the Mantaro River was longer than the Apurimac River by 40 miles. The Amazon River is made up of network of tributaries from across different countries that link up to drain into the main body of the river. The source of the Amazon river is in the Apacheta valley, at the slopes of Mount Quehuisha in the department of Arequipa (Peru), where the Apacheta creek flows. Apumaric originates from Peru; however, this claim has been contested on several occasions because Apurimac River���s source had always been assumed to be Lake Vilafro in Peru, but many believe the actual source of the river to be Mount Huagra. She doesn't give unnecessary details and cuts off details that would slow down the pace of the story or wander off from the main story line. This, there is the largest blackwater River that stands 1,750 miles.. 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