In the ensuing revengeful measures by Maxtla, Tenochtitlan went to war with him by forging alliance with Tlacopan and Texcoco. In 1428, an alliance with city-states of Tlacopan and Texcoco was forged, although over time Tenochtitlan became the major power of the alliance. 1376- 1395. This started in 6th century and culminated with the arrival of Mexica people in 12th century. This is around when the Aztec Empire was founded. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. “Aztec Civilization Timeline.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, Ancient History Encyclopedia,… 1524: Cortes develops the land Cortes worked to develop farms throughout New Spain, or Mexico. In 1517, a comet was seen in the sky which the Aztecs interpreted as the harbinger of doom and destruction. 1519. The Aztec empire was still expanding, and its society still evolving, when its progress was halted in 1519 by the appearance of Spanish explorers. By around 1400 CE several small empires had formed in the Valley of Mexico and dominant amongst these were Texcoco, capital of the Acholhua region, and Azcapotzalco, capital of the Tepenec. It was the end of the Aztec Empire. Cortés leaves to combat a rival Spanish force on the coast, giving. However, he was from an influential family with Mexica ancestry and so he was chosen to lead the city. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. © 2020 aztecsandtenochtitlan.com. A Dangerous Enemy The Texcalteca (as the people of Tlaxcala are called) shared technology, social forms and cultural elements of other Nahua groups, including the origin myth of Chichemec migrants settling central Mexico and the adoption of farming and culture of the Toltecs . The Aztecs leave their homeland of Aztlan in northern Mexico and begin their journey south in search for a new place to settle (their promised land) According to Tenochtitlan’s legend, the Aztecs were advised by their Sun and War god, Huitzilopochtli, to migrate to find new lands until they look for a special sign that would let them know that they had found their new home. Triple Alliance. After the fall of the Aztec Empire, Spain renames the conquered lands as the Viceroyalty of New Spain and rules Mexico for the next three hundred years In 1522 the Spanish begin to rebuild the city of Tenochtitlan, previously the capital of the Empire, later known as Mexico City Cortes becomes the first colonial ruler of the conquered territories until 1524, running his administration from Mexico City, the … Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle. 1428–1521. Imperial alliance of city states located in central Mexico during the 15th and 16th centuries. Montezuma II was the most famous of the Aztec kings. Who knows how it would have been different if these people and their children had swelled the ranks that fought the Spanish, not to mention the other contributions th… XIX Century. Montezuma II ruled Tenochtitlan from 1502 to 1520. Aztec settle in Tenochtitlan After migrating from Aztlan and searching for years for their Promised Land, the Aztec settle in Tenochtitlan 1375. He expanded the Empire beyond the Valley of Mexico so that it reached the Gulf Coast. Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. How to make a timeline? He is famous for being the ruler of the Aztec empire at the start of the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Following this, the city was rebuilt under Ahuitzotl in an even grander way. The portrayal of Moctezuma in history has mos Read more about the Aztec Timeline Facts >>. Following the massacre in the Great Temple in 1520, Spaniards fled the city fearing repercussions. 1100 - The Aztecs leave their homeland of Aztlan in northern Mexico and begin their journey south. During his reign, a double aqueduct pipe system was built to bring fresh water to the city of Tenochtitlan. 1502: Christopher Columbus, on his Fourth New World Voyage, meets with some advanced traders: they were likely Mayan vassals of the Aztecs. The Aztec empire was born of the alliance of Tenochtitlán, Texcoco and Tlacopan. Hernan Cortes landed on the Gulf Coast in 1519 and reached Tenochtitlan at the end of 1519. Soon afterwards, Spaniards led a massacre of the local population in the Great Temple in 1520 and fled. The grandeur of the capital, Tenochtitlan, showed power and wealth, and from that city their armies went out to … Despite the alliance betw… Cortes was away when the incident happened. Acampichtli was not a native of the city but lived rather in Texcoco. The Aztec Empire had a strong and thriving economy before the arrival of Spanish conquistadors in 1519. In 1519, the Spaniards under the leadership of Hernan Cortes reached the Aztec Empire. 1220. 1395- 1417. Timeline of the Aztec Empire Timeline created by lia.zitvar. Between 1440 and 1510 the Aztec Empire reached its height and expanded to the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific shores. In 1376, the first King of Tenochtitlan ascended to the throne and under him, the construction of Templo Mayor began. Create a Timeline Now; The Rise and Fall of the Aztec. During his reign, Tenochtitlan was able to emerge as a powerful state. Between A.D. 1345 and 1521, the Aztecs forged an empire over much of the central Mexican highlands. During his reign, the Aztec Empire defeated many other tribes and states in the valley of Mexico and effectively ended the domination of the Tepaneca and firmly established the foundations of the Aztec Empire. Political reforms were made to strengthen the grip the Aztecs possessed over local rivals. In the 14th century, the city formed a Triple Alliance with two neighbouring city states and thus the Aztec Empire was born. In Uncategorized. 1370. Azcapotzalco was defeated in the war and the three members of alliance divided the Tepanec land between them. The Spanish find the Aztecs This is when Cortés gets permission to explore Aztec territory. They were banished to an island after they sacrificed the daughter of a king. ... Timeline. Over time, as the empire expanded, Tenochtitlán dominated the alliance and became the capital of the empire. It was brought to an end when Spaniards, led by Hermes Cortes, invaded and destroyed Tenochtitlan. The Mexica tribe came to the Valley of Mexico in the 12th century and eventually founded the city of Tenochtitlan by Lake Texcoco. Many great encounters in world history, including Cortés's clash with the Aztec empire, had less to do with weaponry, tactics and strategy than with the ravages of disease. The Aztec Empire was the last of the great Mesoamerican cultures. The Aztec Empire steadily grew in size and power, reaching its culmination by the beginning of 16th century where it stretched from Gulf of Mexico to Pacific coast. The second period is that of the Triple Alliance and the Aztec Empire. But they were soon expelled by the Tepaneca people of the powerful city-state of Azcapotzalco. The final period is the decline of Aztec Empire and the conquest of Spaniards. In 1521, Spaniards laid siege to the city of Tenochtitlan and destroyed it, thereby ending the Aztec Empire. The Aztec built their capital of Tenochtitlán on islands in Lake Texcoco. This timeline will provide an overview of events about the rise and fall of the Aztec empire between the years 1200 CE and 1521 CE. 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