Despite looking like other foxes, gray foxes are actually quite different. These data have been periodically updated as needed using GPS, proprietary digital images, and most recently 2015 NAIP imagery. Ranging across New York State, gray fox inhabit a mixture of deciduous woodlands, brushy and rocky areas. Of the various forest types, gray foxes live mostly in deciduous forests. The IUCN Red List and other sources don’t provide the number of the Gray fox total population size. Weaning starts when kits are about 2 to 3 weeks old, and they begin eating solid food at around 3 weeks old, primarily being provided by the father. Humans may be responsible for the greatest number of Gray Fox deaths aside from natural death. Their home ranges typically are 2-4 miles. Reported home range sizes extend from 74 acres (0.1 mi2) to over 6,000 acres (9.4 mi2). The average lifespan of gray foxes is about 6 to 8 years in the wild. Gray foxes range throughout much of North America, Central America, and even into South America. Chaparral, wooded areas and among boulders on the slopes of rocky ridges in canyons and open desert. The cheeks, throat, inner ears and most of the underside are white. It has powerful neck and a black-tipped tail. Compared to red fox (Vulpes vulpes), gray fox pelts are less desirable because the hairs are coarser and shorter.Gray foxes may also help control the abundance of certain agricultural pests, including rodents and rabbits (). The 3 to 7 pups are dark brown in color; they are born blind and remain so for about 10 days. There were relatively … Its chest, belly, sides of the face and legs are reddish brown, while the muzzle, cheeks, and throat are white. As the land became cleared of timber, gray fox habitat was reduced. Gray foxes prefer to live in deciduous forests interspersed with brushy, woodland areas. Economic Importance for Humans: Positive. During the day, it remains i… The gray fox is somewhat stout and has shorter legs than the red fox. Gray foxes will sometimes extend a woodchuck burrow for their den. This species used to be the most common fox in North America. Gray Fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus Though both the red fox and the gray fox live in North Carolina today, the gray fox is the state’s only native fox species. The Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) is an omnivore with grizzled gray fur and a black-tipped tail. Around the eyes is a thin black stripe which runs horizontally from the outer corner of the eye. It makes its den in hollow trees or logs, under large rocks or in underground burrows. The gray fox is nocturnal and crepuscular, which means it is most active at dusk and dawn. Life Cycle. Gray Fox/Habitat. Gray foxes are distributed throughout the southern Canada, northern tip of South America as well as southern North America. Gray foxes are omnivorous and mostly eat small mammals such as voles, mice and eastern cottontail rabbits. Litters usually number 4 or 5 kits. The gray fox is found in a wide range of habitats, but prefers areas with dense brush or woods close to the water. The gray fox mates in February or March, bearing young in April or May -- a gestation period of about 51 days. The gray fox prefers dense hardwood or mixed hardwood/softwood forests. Fox Habitat. They influence small rodent populations through their feeding habits, through a steady predator-prey relationship. They will also have a medial black stripe down the top surface of the tail with a black tip. Gray foxes are found in habitat with a combination of forest and brushy woodland. The Gray fox inhabits most parts of the southern part of North America, from the south of Canada to Venezuela and Colombia in the north of South America. It also prefers overgrown fields for foraging. In mixed areas of openland and woods, gray foxes' ranges may overlap those of red foxes. Apart from their diet, their needs are all quite similar. The parents teach their young how to hunt when they are about 4 months old, both parents, until then, hunting for food separately. Like red foxes, they also live near farmlands bordered by woods and have adapted to living in close proximity to humans. They form family groups with their offspring from prior years. The South American gray fox is a species of the "false" foxes native to the southern part of South America. Gray foxes are hunted and trapped for their pelt. For most of the year, Gray foxes remain solitary. They are most often found below 3,000 meters (about 10,000 feet) in elevation. The ears are large and there is a distinct black spot on the chin. While the red fox is normally found in dirt dens located in broken farm country, the native gray fox is normally found in rock dens or in hollow logs and stumps in mountainous forest land. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Kits practice hunting skills by stalking and pouncing, primarily taught by their father. Gray foxes have a characteristic bark that they usually repeat four or five times. They must also give the foxes toys, new scents, puzzles, and other mentally stimulating activities. When climbing down from trees, these foxes will either go backwards down a tree which is vertical or run head-first along more slanted trees to the ground. Gray fox habitat is commonly located along the banks of streams and rivers. Gray fox habitat analyses were facilitated using ArcGIS 10.2 (ESRI, Redlands, CA). The rest of their diet varies based upon where they live. Chaparral, wooded areas and among boulders on the slopes of rocky ridges in canyons and open desert. In the United States they are found living everywhere except the open plains and in the Rocky Mountains. They prefer deciduous forests which incorporate brushy, woodland areas. Gray foxes breed at different times of the year depending on geographic region, elevation, and the quality of their habitat. The gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) is mainly found in South and North America. In some areas they rely more upon insects and plants, in other areas they eat more birds or amphibians. Gray foxes are native to Indiana, unlike the red fox which expanded its range into Indiana through introductions by early European settlers. Another serious impact is habitat destruction. Habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation are the main threats the gray fox faces, as a result of human numbers increasing rapidly. In Central America they roam across most of the country, but in South America they reside only in the very northernmost regions. Gray foxes are native to Indiana, unlike the red fox which expanded its range into Indiana through introductions by early European settlers. While localized populations have different needs, the IUCN considers the population as a whole to be Least Concern. Normally found in wooded areas, it prefers to live in more dense, inaccessible cover. The gray fox is a relatively common and wide-spread resident of the Adirondack Park, occurring to elevations of at least 915 m (3000 ft) (Mark Brown, pers. In southern Georgia common gray foxes are most abundant in mixed woods and cultivated areas, less abundant in pine savanna, and least common in mixed woods with dense underbrush [ 35 ]. Gray fox do share the omnivorous ways of other canines however, and in fact are the most omnivorous of the common canids in the mid-Atlantic. As the land became cleared of timber, gray fox habitat was reduced. Urocyon cinereoargenteus Characteristics The gray fox is a peppery gray on top, reddish-brown on its sides, chest and the back of its head. They depend on their parents to protect them until they are about 10 months old. Adults are sexually mature by 1 year old. Important habitat has been converted for industrial, agricultural, and urban use. good common gray fox habitat . Unlike other foxes, this species requires more vegetation in its diet. By then they are sexually mature and will leave the family. Gray Foxes throughout their range are considered habitat generalists and may make their homes in a variety of forest types. The range extends southward through Mexico into Central America. The United States are home to a large population of gray foxes, they can be found in many states in America. Gray fox habitat is commonly located along the banks of streams and rivers. The U.S. is home to four different fox species: the red fox, gray fox, swift fox and kit fox. In fact, being near us may reduce predation by coyotes and bobcats. Young foxes commonly play fight. Of these, the 5 ½ to 9 pound gray fox with its rust, black, and grizzled coloring and black longitudinally striped tail is by far the most common, occurring wherever there are mountains, wooded country, and broken terrain. Color: Gray fox have coarse, salt and pepper gray hair with black markings on the head, nose and muzzle. Gray foxes climb trees to escape from predators, as well as to catch prey. Gray foxes are most dense in the more productive areas of the state such as the Piedmont and northern Coastal Plain. Despite the differences in size and coloration, it is sometimes mistaken for American red squirrels or eastern gray … Gray Fox Facts for Kids While it benefits from an interspersion of forests and fields, it can also be found in fully timbered areas. Red foxes have a white tip on their tail. 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