In this essay I will explain Meno’s paradox, and then I will analyse ‘the theory of recollection’, the solution to it given by Plato. The Meno, by contrast, both raises it explicitly and proposes a solution. The Possibility of Inquiry: Meno's Paradox from Socrates to Sextus. Abduction provides a way of dissecting those processes where something new, or conceptually more complex than before, is discovered or learned. To be a nice guy (demigod), Achilles gives the tortoise a 100-meter (328 ft) head start because Achilles is an extremely fast runner and the tortoise is . However, the belief that the souls can be passed from one body to the next, from one lifetime to the next, seems hard do believe. More importantly, though, I do the Meno without yet mentioning Forms (so much as I do on the podcast I actually emphasize that you can understand a good deal of what Plato is up to without invoking Forms). So: • We search for what we once . Suppose a very fast runner—such as mythical Atalanta—needs to run for the bus. The paradox is a challenge to show that learning/discovery is possible. Socrates and Meno are engaged in a conversation about the nature of virtue. You cannot know how the opposite bank of the river looks like, when you are on this side. The Paradox of Inquiry In the Meno, Meno poses a question for Socrates (80d): ... Is this a solution to the paradox of inquiry? The Aristotelian tenor of the solution to Meno‘s paradox presented in the Harmony is evident in Farabi‘s emphasis on the process by which the soul acquires intelligibles from its experience of particulars, in accordance with the accounts of Posterior Analytics 2.19 and Metaphysics 1.1. This article analyzes three approaches to resolving the classical Meno paradox, or its variant, the learning paradox, emphasizing Charles S. Peirce’s notion of abduction. Socrates delivers an excellent theory, along with an example, to criticize this paradox and provide for the opportunity of humans achieving knowledge. Meno and the Paradox of Inquiry I. This paradox is known as the ‘dichotomy’ because it involves repeated division into two (like the second paradox of plurality). . I believe that Socrates' solution is good. Socrates’ method of inquiry is a problem that arises when trying to acquire knowledge about whether a given action is virtuous, without having the knowledge of what the definition of virtue is. Socrates challenges Meno's argument, often called "Meno's Paradox" or the "Learner's Paradox," by introducing the theory of knowledge as recollection . Here in the Meno, it is adopted as an unchallenged premise. Meno’s paradox states that is impossible to gain new knowledge using inquiry. The paper is devoted to Aristotle's solution to Meno's paradox: a person cannot search for what he knows -- he knows it, and there is no need to search for such a thing -- nor for what he doesn't know -- since he doesn't know what he's searching for. Socrates replies that he doesn't know the answer to Meno's question; nor does he … Abduction provides a way of dissecting those processes where something new, or The problem to be discussed is the paradox of inquiry in Plato’s Meno, 79-81 [1]. This article analyzes three approaches to resolving the classical Meno paradox, or its variant, the learning paradox, emphasizing Charles S. Peirce's notion of abduction. He formulated as a static problem what in fact is a dynamic problem. We have, on the one side, Meno arguing for the impossibility and vanity of inquiry; on the other side, Socrates is, in response to Meno, recounting a myth which equates our concept “learning” with recollection, anamnesis. (In the Phaedo, it is the theory of recollection that is adopted as an unchallenged premise -- making the reasoning quite circular.) Each time Meno offers an explanation of the term, Socrates rejects them immediately because they are, in his eyes, inadequate. Plato wrote Meno about 385 BCE, placing the events about 402 BCE, when Socrates was 67 years old, and about three years before he was executed for corrupting Athenian youth. The paper is devoted to Aristotle’s solution to Meno’s paradox: a person cannot search for what he knows – he knows it, and there is no need to search for such a thing – nor for what he doesn't know – since he doesn't know what he's well . After explaining to Socrates that he feels numb and confused, he states what is called “the riddle regarding discovery” (or the “paradox of inquiry”). Meno asks Socrates if he can prove the truth of his strange claim that "all learning is recollection" (a claim that Socrates connects to the idea of reincarnation). 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