Adams, J. S., and T. O. McShane. Seven Cross River gorillas including infants were pictured at the Mbe Mountains Community Forest in Cross River by the Wildlife Conservation Society in May and June.. Only 300 Cross River gorillas are known to live in the wild, making them the most endangered sub-species. 1996. The Cross River gorillas are social and live in family groups of 2 to 20 individuals. They have cone-shaped heads, above which, rests a reddish crest. The Cross River gorillas reach maturity around ten years of age. The Cross River gorillas sexually mature at 10 years of age and usually have babies every 4 years. However, they may sometimes turn aggressive towards humans when threatened. They may attack humans with branches, stones, and herbs if provoked. Even though this may seem overwhelming to the area, some local farmers have remarked that they are far less destructive to their land than other animals with a smaller stature, including wild pigs. These gorillas usually take care of their babies until they are three or four years of age. The group leaders who are dominant males often have a silver patch on their backs – which is also why they are called silverbacks. The face usually has no fur, just like the hands, and feet. WWF works to designate new gorilla sanctuaries, such as in Congo. Applying resource selection functions at multiple scales to prioritize habitat use by the endangered Cross River gorilla. These animals are known to inhibit the most North and West regions. Their heads are cone-shaped, and they have a red-colored crest on their heads. These gorillas have brownish-grey or black fur. Cross River gorillas have an extremely limited geographic range. They inhabit mountainous rain forests and bamboo forests at altitudes of 1,500 to 3,50… They are endemic to the Cross River region on the border of Nigeria and Cameroon, in Africa. 19(8), 943-955. Due to the critically endangered status and the decreasing number of Cross River gorillas around the world, keeping them in a captive environment allows these gorillas can thrive again. A group usually consists of the dominant male, six to seven females, and their children. Gorillas can also live in other types of habitats including dense old-growth forests, moun… They tend to have redder or greyer fur than eastern gorillas. Others live in the mountain region like in Virunga Mountains. Folia Primatol 2013;84:18–31 (DOI:10.1159/000345853), McFarland, K. L. 2007. Number remaining: Fewer than 300. So which breeds fit these needs? Additionally, they must be comfortable in smaller spaces and able to saunter through crowded city streets on a leash — or in a bag — without freaking out. Where do Gorillas live? Cross river Gorillas are very closely related to all gorilla species, and to chimpanzees, and they share over 98% of their DNA with humans. The Cross River gorilla is threatened by humans as they were hunted extensively in the past – which is also why their numbers are pretty low. Do Gorillas live exclusively in the forest? They mostly live in highland forests. The Congo River Basin has plenty of green, lush jungles which facilitate the survival of the gorillas. The only way that Cross River gorillas seek out food in other areas is due to the lack of nutrition in proximity to their home. They are usually found on the mountainous borders of Nigeria and Cameroon. Most of these gorillas are found at a height of 1500 meters to 3500 meters in the mountainous rain forests and bamboo forests. 25 October 2013, Ferris S., 2005 Chapter 7: Western Gorilla (, March 1957; Critchley, 1968; Harcourt et al., 1989; Oates et al., 1990; JLG, unpublished data, Etiendem D.N., Funwi-Gabga N., Tagg N. Hens L. Indah E.K., 2013. The women were described as being “savage” and “hairy.”. The lifespan of these gorillas is usually 35 to 50 years. A study published in 2007 in the American Journal of Primatology announced the discovery of the subspecies fighting back against possible threats from humans. The foods found in the diets of the Cross River gorillas mainly consist of leaves, nuts, berries, and liana which is a woody vine. The Cross River gorillas are polygamous animals. Characteristics: The rarest species of great ape in the world, Cross River gorillas are similar in appearance to western lowland gorillas, but have a different shaped skull. Cross River Gorilla live in groups. Apart from their fragmented families, another trade has become highly lucrative and a major threat to the species – selling this species as pets. This habitat of theirs is called the Cross River basin. Average adult female weight: 100 kg (220 lb). The World Wildlife Organization has multiple partners within the Nigerian and Cameroon governments to protect certain areas. What threats do gorillas face? The Cross River Gorilla was classified as a distinct sub-species in the year 2000. The U.S. is helping to save an elusive and endangered species of gorilla in West Africa. The gorilla, who was named Nyango, passed away on October 10th, 2016 as the result of illness, and there are no other reports of zoos that currently hold these mammals. Some Gorillas live in the very lowlands while others are in the extreme elevations of the mountains. Gorilla gorilla diehli. Cross river gorillas live near human settlements in the congo basin. Cross River gorillas are hard to find in the wild, in part because their population is so small. The Cross River Gorilla is one of the 25 most endangered primates worldwide. Cross River gorillas are herbivores and their diets usually comprise branches, leaves, nuts, and berries that they obtain from various plants. The cross river gorillas are most affected by poaching and there are currently … Appearance. This space is called the Cross River basin. This subspecies is the world’s strangest gorilla; rarely seen and with a small population. Cross River gorillas are a subspecies of the western gorilla whereas mountain gorillas are a subspecies of the eastern gorilla. THE PROBLEM. The Cross river gorilla (scientific name: Gorilla gorilla diehli) is a subspecies of the western gorilla. The majority of these gorillas are in Nigeria and Cameroon, spread out amongst no less than 11 families. Indah E.K. They also belong to the family Hominidae and genus gorilla. These gorillas are very social and usually live in groups of 2 to 20. Divergence between the Western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) and Eastern Gorillas (G. beringei) began between 0.9 and 1.6 million years ago. The Cross River gorillas are the most endangered great apes in Africa. However, they can often turn aggressive towards humans and can also try to hit them with stones and branches. Are Cross River gorillas carnivores, herbivores, or omnivores? They "found several instances of gorillas throwing sticks and clumps of grass". Let’s […] Read More, The cross river gorilla is a subspecies of the. During this time, they do not reproduce again and give their full attention to their newly born baby. Cross River gorillas are herbivores and feed on branches, leaves, nuts, and berries that come from several different plants. Most of their day is spent eating. Human activities like deforestation also pose threats to these gorillas. Poaching, diseases such as Ebola, and habitat destruction threaten the four gorilla subspecies; most gorillas live outside of protected areas. Their dark eyes are concealed by fur, which is often either black or brownish gray. The Cross river gorilla (scientific name: Gorilla gorilla diehli) is a subspecies of the western gorilla. Due to aggressive hunting activities, there are only about 200-300 Cross River gorillas left in the world. The Criss River gorillas are endangered mainly because they were victims of severe and aggressive hunting in the past few years. What are the predators of the Cross River gorillas? Average adult male height: 165–175 cm. "The Cross River Gorillas (. Good candidates can’t be frequent, loud barkers that drive the neighbors mad. Number remaining: Fewer than 300. About 100 Cross River gorillas have since been recorded in Nigeria's Cross River State and about 200 in Cameroon in a transborder region of about … Leopards rarely prey on adult male gorillas, but they do it specifically of western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Cross River gorillas are forest dwelling creatures. The nesting happens in forests after these gorillas build nests with branches and leaves. These gorillas have long arms and a prominent ridgeline, which offers a striking contrast to the flat face and wide nostrils. Sawyer, S. (n.d). Lowland gorillas live in the forests of central and western Africa in Equatorial Guinea, Angola, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. (5 ft 5 in-5 ft 9 in). Despite not hosting these animals, many zoos and sanctuaries offer important facts about the Cross River gorilla to encourage patrons to support conservation. A group of gorillas can have a territory of up to 16 square miles (41 square kilometers), according to National Geographic. The Limbe Wildlife Center in Cameroon has been the only zoo to have one of these gorillas on display since 2007. About 100 Cross River gorillas have since been recorded in Nigeria's Cross River State and about 200 in Cameroon in a transborder region of about 12,000 square kilometers (4,633 square miles). If this gorilla species makes it down to the lowlands, they will likely find themselves in an unsatisfactory situation with local farmers that harvest bananas and plantains. Gorilla number: 250-300 . Some people have kept the Cross River gorilla as pets, which is a dangerous trade that impacts the ability to conserve the species. "Cross River gorillas: A distinct subspecies, 10.1206/0003-0082(2000)3304<0001:TCRGAD>2.0.CO;2. Paul Matschie, in 1904, named the cross river gorilla a new species, though it has become increasingly rare. Gorilla Journal 23. tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, "Regional Action Plan for the Conservation of the Cross River Gorilla (, "World's rarest gorilla ready for its close-up", 10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(1998)26+<207::AID-AJPA18>3.0.CO;2-Y. IUCN RED LIST of Threatened Species. Red finches can form flocks of over 100 birds, The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time, What are the best dogs for city living? Ln: IUCN 2013. The group is usually led by a silverback male as the dominant leader. The Cross River gorillas usually live for 35 to 50 years. However, the face, hands, and feet have no fur at all. Cross River gorillas are the most endangered great ape in Africa. The Afi study group usually consists of 18 gorillas, which roam in about 30km2, a larger range than is usual for Western Lowland Gorillas. There are only 200 to 300 cross river gorillas left in the world. These gorillas live in the mountainous region between Nigeria and Cameroons.The Cross River gorillas are herbivores and usually feed on branches, nuts, leaves, and berries that they hunt for from different plants. Efforts are therefore being made to make them live in designated places so that they could thrive in protected environments since the Cross River gorilla is decreasing still. The Cross River gorillas are the most endangered great apes in Africa. Still, there is hope that this species will recover from these threats within the next 75 years, as long as continued efforts are made to preserve their habitat. The Cross River Gorilla lives in the mountainous region between Nigeria and Cameroons. It lives in a region between Nigeria and Cameroon, just at the Cross River basin. The Cross River Gorilla lives in the mountainous region between Nigeria and Cameroons. The myth of wild Africa: conservation without illusion. There are populations in the Afi Mountains in Nigeria, the Mbe Mountains in Cameroon, in the Takamanda National Park in Cameroon, and in the Cross River National Park in Nigeria. The Cross River gorillas are usually peaceful animals. Version 2013.1. Known as the world’s strangest gorillas, the Cross River gorillas are small in population and are rarely ever seen. Where they live: Nigeria and Cameroon. However, they also face a lot of threats – both from other animals as from human beings. The nesting places are usually on the ground. To view them in a zoo, there are many reserves and sanctuaries to host them, like the Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary. The Cross-river gorillas go by the scientific name “Gorilla gorilla diehli” and belong to the kingdom Animalia and class Mammalia. Eniang, E., December 2001. The groups are led by a dominant male. However, sources suggest that they also indulge in recreational activities like grooming. Cross River Gorilla. Do several species of Gorillas exist? The most endangered gorilla subspecies, only around 300 Cross River gorillas are thought to exist, living in an isolated region along the border between Nigeria and Cameroon. Amazing Facts About the Cross River Gorilla The Cross River Gorilla is a subspecies of the Western Gorilla. To be more specific, small populations are found in the Mbe Mountains in Cameroon, the Afi Mountains of Nigeria, Cross River National Park in Nigeria and Takamanda National Park in Cameroon. The Cross River gorillas are critically endangered. Apart from that, they are also found in the Takamanda National Park of Cameroon and the Cross River National Park in Nigeria. They thrive in tropical and subtropical forests that run across the equatorial belt. This is unusual. The male leader is usually responsible for taking care of the females and children of the group and also often makes the key decisions of the group like the feeding and nesting sites. They usually give birth only once in four years or so because the level of infant care is very high in these Cross River gorillas. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross_River_gorilla, New England Primate Conservancy, Available here: https://www.neprimateconservancy.org/cross-river-gorilla.html, Gorillas World, Available here: https://www.gorillas-world.com/cross-river-gorilla/, Cross Gorilla Programme, Available here: https://crossrivergorilla.org/diet/, WWF, Available here: https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/cross-river-gorilla#, Study.com, Available here: https://study.com/academy/lesson/cross-river-gorilla-reproduction-facts.html. : TCRGAD > 2.0.CO ; 2 between 0.9 and 1.6 million years ago height: 140 (... “ gorilla gorilla gorilla ) and eastern gorilla have also been endangered because of human activities like.. Slender yet short build, paired with light-colored hair What threats do gorillas?..., with information from Rich Bergl ) and aggressive hunting activities, there are only about 200-300 River! 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